Rationale of use of guanidine surfactants for fire extinguishing in natural ecosystems

User Rating:  / 0


S. V. Zhartovskyi, orcid.org/0000-0001-7512-0988, Ukrainian Research Institute of Civil Protection of State Emergency Service of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, е-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

T. V. Maglyovana, orcid.org/0000-0002-6780-9045, Cherkasy Institute of Fire Safety Named after Chornobyl Heroes of National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine, Cherkasy, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2020, (4): 124-129


повний текст / full article



Purpose. The rationale for the use of environmentally acceptable polymer surfactants of the guanidine series to increase the fire extinguishing efficiency of water when extinguishing fires in natural ecosystems.

Methodology. Studies on the criteria for the effectiveness of aqueous solutions of polymer surface active agents of the guanidine series in quenching model fire 1A. Field tests of aqueous solutions of guanidine polymers in a stream with a high jet velocity were carried out using a water fire extinguisher VVSH-9 (produced by Makiivka Plant “Fakel” JSC).

Findings. It has been established that the addition of small concentrations of solutions of polymer surfactants of the guanidine series to water leads to an increase in the range of the jet supply by 20–30 % using a water extinguisher VVSH-9; accelerating the supply of charge of the VVSH-9 fire extinguisher by 20–22 %; reducing the time of extinguishing the quenching model fire 1A by 15–20 %; increasing fire extinguishing efficiency of water by 1.98–2.23 times. It has been experimentally established that the use of a 6 % SFPM foaming agent solution makes it possible to extinguish quenching model fire 2A with a total area of 9.36 m2, and the use of polyhexamethylene guanidine urea phosphate solution makes it possible to extinguish a quenching model fire 3A with a total area of 13.89 m2. The fire extinguishing ability of the solutions of polyhexamethylene guanidine urea and SFPM foaming agents has been calculated, which is 0.55 and 0.93 kg/m3, accordingly. It is shown that the investigated solutions of guanidine polymers have a higher fire extinguishing efficiency compared to the SFPM foaming agent under these technological conditions, which is possibly associated with a decrease in energy dissipation and loss of friction of the turbulent flow.

Originality. The obtained results indicate a significant improvement in the fire extinguishing properties of the studied aqueous solutions of guanidine polymers compared to water. This is directly related to the improvement in the fluidity of aqueous solutions of polyhexamethylene guanidine salts in the studied range of concentrations, which proves that polymer features hydrodynamic activity and the ability to reduce the hydrodynamic resistance of water, as a result of which an increase capacity of pipelines may take place, in particular in primary fire fighting equipment.

Practical value. The obtained results create the prerequisites for the successful use in practice of polymer surfactants of the guanidine series as highly effective additives to water to increase the efficiency of fire fighting in natural ecosystems.


1. Dube, P. (2013). Challenges of wildland fire management in Botswana: Towards a community inclusive fire management approach Weather and Climate Extremes, 1, 26-41.

2. Zibtsev, S. V., Soshenskyi, O. M., Gumeniuk, V. V., & Koren, V. A. (2019). Long term dynamic of forest fires in Ukraine. Ukrainian Journal of Forest and Wood Science, 10(3), 27-40.

3. Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2018. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. ISBN: 978-92-76-11234-1, https://doi.org/10.2760/1128.

4. Abrard, S., Bertrand, M., Timothée, D.V., & Schaupp, T. (2019). French firefighters exposure to Benzo[a]pyrene after simulated structure fires International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 222, 84-88.

5. Yasnyuk, T., Vyazkova, E., Anisimova, E., Tsyrendashiev, N., Panasenko, N., & Tsybulia, I. (2018). The use of water-soluble polymers to reduce hydraulic friction resistance. Bulletin of Eurasian Science,10(3).

6. Hayder A. Abdulbari, Ainoon Shabirin, & Abdurrahman, H. N. (2014). Bio-polymers for improving liquid flow in pipelines – A review and future work opportunities. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 20(4), 1157-1170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2013.07.050.

7. Pletnev, M. (2001). Chemistry of surfactants. Studies in Interface Science, 132001, 1-97.

8. Luab, Y., Wang, T., Pang, M., & Tian, Z. (2018). Preparation and High Temperature Resistance of a Novel Aqueous Foam for Fire Extinguishing. Procedia Engineering, 211, 514-520.

9. Taysumov, Kh. A. (2018). The composition of heat-resistant foam for the prevention and extinguishing of fires. International Journal of Applied and Basic Research, (2), 49-52.

10. Amirova, Z. K., & Speranskaya, O. A. (2016). New persistent organic supertoxicants and their impact on human health: monograph. Moscow.

11. European Chemical Agency [UNEP-POPS-PFOS] (n.d.). Retrieved from http://echa.europa.eu/web/guest/information-on-chemicals/cl-invento-rydatabase.

12. Dadashov, I., Kireyev, A., & Zhernoklev, K. (2017). Ways of enhancing ecological characteristics of agents for extinguishing flammable liquids. Technogenic and Ecological Safety, (1), 39-43.

13. Hill, C., Czajka, A., Hazell, G., Grillo, I., & Eastoe, J. (2018). Surface and bulk properties of surfactants used in fire-fighting Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 53015, 686-694.

14. Shcherban, N. (2012). Biochemical mechanisms of disturbances in the organism of warm-blooded under the influence of chemical compounds. East European Journal of Advanced Technologies, 5/6(59), 29-33.

15. Bezrodnyy, I. F. (2013). Ecology of fire extinguishing is for now only words. Pozharovzryvobezopasnost, 22(6), 85-90.

16. Taysumov, Kh. A. (2012). Russian Federation Pat. No. 2452544. Russian Federation.

17. Maglyovana, T. V., Nyzhnyk, Y. U., & Zhartovsiy, S. V. (2017). Environmental aspects of the use of guanidine polymers in emergency situations: monograph (2 nd ed.) Cherkasy: Publisher FOP Gordienko E.I.

18. Zhartovskiy, S. (2018). Use of salts of polyhexamethylene guanidine in the composition of fire-extinguishing substances for protivopojezhnuyu zhistu ob’ektiv in iz cellulose materials], Scientific Bulletin of UNFU, 28(6), 93-98.

19. DSTU 3675-98. Fire-fighting equipment. Portable fire extinguishers. General technical requirements and test methods (n.d.). Retrieved from https://dnaop.com/html/41026/doc-%D0%94%D0%A1%D0%A2%D0%A3_3675-98.

20. Xi, L. (2019). Turbulent drag reduction by polymer additives: Fundamentals and recent advances. Physics of Fluids, 31. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5129619.

21. Velencoso, M., Battig, A., Markwart, C., Schartel, B., & Wurm, R. (2018). Molecular Firefighting - How Modern Phosphorus Chemistry Can Help Solve the Challenge of Flame Retardancy. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 57(33),10450-10467. https://doi.or-g/10.1002/anie.201711735.

Tags: surfactantspolyguanidinespolyhexamethylene guanidine carbamide phosphatehydrodynamic activityphosphorus-containing antipenes

Newer news items:

Older news items: