Ecological and geochemical assessment of the soil contamination levels in the areas of metallurgical enterprises operation

User Rating:  / 1


Yu.Yu. Voitіuk, Cand. Sci. (Geol.), M.P. Semenenko Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (IGMF), Research Fellow, Kyiv, Ukraine

I.V. Kuraeva, Dr. Sci. (Geol.), Senior Research Fellow, M.P. Semenenko Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (IGMF), Head of a Department, Kyiv, Ukraine

H.A. Kroik, Doct. Sci. (Geol.), Professor, Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University, Professor of the Department of Zoology and Ecology, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine

A.V. Pavlychenko, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Associate Professor, State Higher Education Institution “National Mining University”, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Ecology, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine


Purpose. Determination of regularities of accumulation and distribution of heavy metals in environmental objects in the zone influenced by metallurgical enterprises.

Methodology. Mineralogical composition and grain size has been defined for the soil samples selected. The X-ray analysis has been performed for the samples of dust emissions, soil and plants; the concentrations of heavy metals have been defined using atomic emission and atomic absorption spectral method. Ion exchange, back and fixed forms of the heavy metals in soils have been determined using nonselective extracting agents.

Findings. The levels of soil and plants contamination with heavy metals in areas adjacent to the metallurgical enterprise have been determined. We have detected that in the areas where metallurgical enterprises function the mobility of the heavy metals is higher compared to background areas: Zn by 4.8, Ni by 5.6, and Cu by 2.6 times. In the territory of metallurgical enterprises contents of ion exchange forms of heavy metals in the decreasing order create the following series: Zn> Pb> Ni> Cu> Cr; for backup forms: Pb> Cu> Zn> Ni> Cr.

Originality. The mechanism of transformation and migration activity of man-made forms of heavy metals in the system ‘emissions of the company - soil - vegetation’ has been determined. The increase of heavy metals in soils and change of their physicochemical properties (pH, cation exchange capacity, organic matter content) stimulates their migration activity.

Practical value. The knowledge about the migration activity of heavy metals makes it possible to assess their ability to move from the solid phase of the soil in the soil solution, and move along the profile with the soil solution and penetrate into human body by trophic chain. The features of the heavy metals absorption by woody and herbaceous plants allow using them as bioindicators of soil contamination.


1. Оцінка ступеню екологічного ризику територій промислово-гірських агломерацій забрудненням важкими металами / Е.Я. Жовинський, І.В. Кураєва, А.І. Радченко, В.Ж. Білик // Поисковая и экологическая геохимия. – 2003. – № 2/3. – С.96–101.

Zhovynskyi, Е.Ya., Kurayeva, I.V., Radchenko, А.І. and Bilyk, V.Zh. (2003), “Assessment of the environmental risk of industrial and mining agglomeration areas pollution by heavy metals”, Poiskovaya i ekologicheskaya geokhimiya, Kiev, no. 2/3, pp. 96–101.

2. Павличенко А.В. Геохимическая оценка роли пород зоны аэрации в процессе загрязнения подземных вод тяжелыми металлами / А.В. Павличенко, А.А. Кроик // Науковий вісник НГУ. – 2013. – № 5. – С. 93–99.

Pavlichenko, А.V. and Kroik, А.А. (2013), “Geochemical assessment of the role of aeration zone rocks in pollution of ground waters by heavy metals”, Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, no. 5, pp. 93–99.

3. Крупская Л.Т. Влияние техногенных систем на окружающую среду в Приамурье и Приморье / Л.Т. Крупская, В.П. Зверева, А.В. Леоненко // Сибирский экологический журнал. –2013. – № 2. – С. 283–289.

Krupskaya, L.T., Zvereva, V.P. and Leonenko, A.V., (2013), “Impact of technogenic systems on the environment and human health in the Priamurye and Primorye territories”, Sibirskii Ekologicheskii Zhurnal, No. 2, pp. 283–289.

4. Экологический паспорт Днепропетровской области / Под ред. В.В. Антонова. – Днепропетровск: Днепропетровская областная государственная администрация, 2011. – 136 с.

Antonov, A.A. (2011), Ekologicheskiy passport Dnepropetrovskoy oblasti [Ecological Passport of Dnepropetrovsk Oblast], Dnepropetrovsk Oblast State Administration, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine.

5. Національна доповідь про стан навколишнього природного середовища в Україні у 2011 році. – Київ: Міністерство екології та природних ресурсів України, LAT & K., 2012. – 258 с.

The National Report about the State of Environment in Ukraine in 2011, (2012), Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine, LAT & K, Kyiv, Ukraine.

6. Сенющенкова И.М. Комплексные геоэкологические исследования городских территорий / И.М. Сенющенкова, Е.А. Гудкова, О.О. Новикова // Промышленное и гражданское строительство. – 2012. – №9. – С. 41–42.

Senyuschenkova, I.M., Gudkov, Ye.A. and Novikovа, O.O. (2012), “Integrated geo-environmental studies of urban areas”, Promyshlennoe i Grazhdanskoe Stroitelstvo, pp. 41–42.

Date 2015-03-26 Filesize 768.64 KB Download 292


This Month
All days

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.


D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by field of science Ecology Ecological and geochemical assessment of the soil contamination levels in the areas of metallurgical enterprises operation