Graphitizing modification of the axial zone of cast iron rolling rolls in the liquidus-solidus temperature range

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Authors:


V.E.Khrychikov*, orcid.org/0000-0002-8557-098X, Ukrainian State University of Science and Technologies, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

H.V.Meniailo, orcid.org/0000-0002-6874-7202, Ukrainian State University of Science and Technologies, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.D.Semenov, orcid.org/0000-0002-2339-5856, Ukrainian State University of Science and Technologies, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Y.G.Aftandiliants, orcid.org/0000-0001-5864-9855, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

S.V.Gnyloskurenko, orcid.org/0000-0003-0201-7191, Physico-technological Institute of Metals and Alloys of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

* Corresponding author e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2023, (1): 067 - 073

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2023-1/067



Abstract:



Purpose.
To develop a method for calculating a process of graphitizing modification of unsolidificated liquid-solid zone to reduce transcrystallinity of the macrostructure and the amount of cementite in the center of castings.


Methodology.
The duration of solidification of the castings was determined by the kinetic curves of liquidus, solidus and pouring boundary in coordinates of relative thickness of the solidified metal layer – the parametric criterion of Gulyaev.


Findings.
A methodology for the process of modification of the axial zone of rolling was developed, the mass and time of adding aluminum were determined according to the amount of liquid-solid phase that remains after the solidification of the working layer. On the example of a rolling roll weighing 1115 kg, 0.488 kg of aluminum was added into liquid-solid zone after the working layer solidified. Movement of aluminum to the front of crystallization is provided by centrifugal forces and adding of aluminum along the height of the roll.


Originality.
For the first time, the kinetic curves of liquidus, solidus and pouring boundary have been plotted in coordinates of the relative thickness of the solidified metal layer x/R and /R2 – the parametric criterion of Gulyaev for rolled cast iron alloys cooled in chill-sand molds of various sizes. A methodology was developed for calculating the process of aluminum modification of the axial zone of rolling rolls after solidification of the working layer in the barrel which was set at the pouring boundary. The amount of aluminum depends on the remains of the liquid-solid phase.


Practical value.
Graphitizing modification reduces transcrystallinity of the macrostructure and the amount of cementite in the axial zone of castings. A promising direction for further development is the development of new methods for manufacturing castings due to physical and mechanical effects on the two-phase zone, deoxidation and alloying of the central zones of castings.



Keywords:
cast iron, modifications, rolling rolls, hardening, chill-sand mixture

References.


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