Modeling pH changes and electrical conductivity in surface water as a result of mining activities

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K.C.Aluwong*,, Department of Mining Engineering, University of Jos, Plateau, Nigeria; School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Parit Buntar, Malaysia

M.H.M.Hashim*,, School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Parit Buntar, Malaysia

S.Ismail,, School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Parit Buntar, Malaysia

S.A.Shehu,, Department Civil and Mining Engineering, Confluence University of Science and Technology, Osara, Nigeria

* Corresponding authors e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

повний текст / full article

Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2024, (1): 122 - 129


To develop comprehensive models for predicting the pH and electrical conductivity of surface water in Maiganga coal mine and environs affected by mining activities.

The research utilizes a combination of in-situ measurement, laboratory analysis, modeling technique using Ansys Workbench and Linear Regression for predicting the content of pollutants. In-situ measurement/data collection in the upstream and downstream were carried out to evaluate the potential impact of mining activities on surface and ground water quality. Electrical conductivity and pH were measured on the samples that were collected using Oakton 5/6 pH meter and TDS/EC meter.

According to the results, the regression statistics model of pH and electrical conductivity (EC) shows that the predicted values have a pH range of 4.7–7.05 and a mean pH value of 5.5. In contrast, while the EC ranges from 454.52 to 2,720.68 s/cm (EC) with a mean value of 905 µs/cm of the downstream flow which is completely dependent on the mine inlet (pH-in and EC-in). The findings show a direct correlation between surface water pH, electrical conductivity, and mining activities in the Maiganga coal mine area and their detrimental effects on the ecosystem and water quality.

The results were obtained directly from the mine site during field visit and can be compared to data from active coal mine sites.

Practical value.
The detrimental effect of the results of mining activities can be controlled if monitoring sensors are introduced at mines’ effluent outlet to alert the mine management of possible danger in real time.

Maiganga coal mine, pH, electrical conductivity, predictive modeling, surface water, environmental monitoring


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