Method of controlling the volume of combustion products at different boiler loads

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Authors:


V.Kryvda*, orcid.org/0000-0002-0930-1163, Odesa Polytechnic National University, Odesa, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.Brunetkin, orcid.org/0000-0002-6701-8737, Odesa Polytechnic National University, Odesa, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

K.Beglov, orcid.org/0000-0002-5277-2577, Odesa Polytechnic National University, Odesa, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

T.Markolenko, orcid.org/0000-0002-3639-2232, Odesa Polytechnic National University, Odesa, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

I.Lutsenko, orcid.org/0000-0001-6406-2364, Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

* Corresponding author e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2024, (1): 100 - 104

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2024-1/100



Abstract:



Purpose.
Development of a method for controlling the volume of combustion products at different load of boiler equipment. Achieving the objective may allow controlling the flue gas temperature and, consequently, the efficiency to increase it.


Methodology.
Control of the flue gas volume value on the basis of determining the appropriate composition of the fuel gas mixture.


Findings.
The effect of flue gas temperature increase at use of fuel gases of lower calorific value and increase in ballast gases quantity is revealed. The latter can be the air used as an oxidising agent at its considerable excess. The mechanism of such an effect due to the increase in the quantity and velocity of flue gases is suggested. A parameter determining the volume of flue gases produced per unit calorific value of various fuel gases is proposed. On the basis of this parameter the method for calculating the composition of the mixture of different gases to ensure the constancy of the flue gas volume at variable load is proposed


Originality.
On the example of the results of verification thermal calculation the change in flue gas temperature and efficiency value is considered. The non-standard character of their change is revealed. In contrast to the case of using fuel gas of constant composition with increasing load, the temperature of flue gases remained close to constant, and the value of efficiency increased.


Practical value.
The obtained results indicate the possibility of controlling the flue gas temperature and boiler efficiency at a given load. This allows one, unlike the case of using fuel gas of constant composition, to increase the efficiency exactly at maximum load avoiding getting into the condensate mode at minimum load. There is a possibility to save fossil gas and, consequently, to reduce the greenhouse share in CO2 emissions.



Keywords:
gas mixture, boiler efficiency, flue gas temperature, flue gas volume

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
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