Early determination and evaluation of technogenic risks within the water purification systems of TSs and TPSs

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Authors:


I.V.Uriadnikova, orcid.org/0000-0002-3750-876X, State University of Telecommunications, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; 2 Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine

V.H.Lebedev, orcid.org/0000-0003-2891-9708, Odesa Polytechnic National University, Odesa, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

V.M.Zaplatynskyi, orcid.org/0000-0003-0119-7135, Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.I.Tsyhanenko, orcid.org/0000-0002-0485-6979, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2022, (1): 095 - 101

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2022-1/095



Abstract:



Purpose.
To determine and evaluate technogenic risks within the water purification systems of TSs and TPSs during normal operation in terms of electrocoagulation plant.


Methodology.
It is proposed to apply a fault tree method for the analysis of various operation failures of water purification facilities in the heat power industry. Additional analysis method, applied at stages one and two of technogenic risk determination, is suggested for its use. The method is based upon the construction of matrix combining states of the system elements.


Findings.
The aggregation of the combination matrix and fault tree method makes it possible to derive a new grapho-analytical procedure to analyse probabilities of technogenic risk initiation in the context of any water purification system operation both at the stage of its design and at the stage of its work.


Originality.
Non-routine operation of a water purification system may depend upon certain internal reasons as well the external ones. The reasons pose risks to a situation that at the output of the system, water will turn out being insufficiently purified. It has been identified that in terms of the non-routine operation of water purification system, risk probability is worth analysing with the help of the fault tree serving as graphical representation of causal relationships obtained while considering dangerous situations in reverse order to determine probabilities for their initiation.


Practical value.
The procedure helps obtain quantitative, qualitative, and causal-consequential indicatorsfacilitating control of technogenic risk initiation in water purification systems. Software has been developed to calculate rapidly the probabilities of running of block elements or water purification system elements in an operation mode or in a failure mode, and see clearly the poorest combinations in terms of an electrocoagulation water purification system.



Keywords:
technogenic risk, fault tree, electrocoagulation, water purification system, heat power industry, power saving, environmental safety

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
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