Knowledge management as a tool to ensure public safety in emergencies

User Rating:  / 1
PoorBest 

Authors:


P.B.Volianskyi, orcid.org/0000-0001-9465-6593, Institute of Public Administration in the Sphere of Civil Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

V.M.Mykhailov, orcid.org/0000-0002-5629-1500, Institute of Public Administration in the Sphere of Civil Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

K.I.Shykhnenko, orcid.org/0000-0002-8623-2907, Institute of Public Administration in the Sphere of Civil Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A.V.Mykhailova, orcid.org/0000-0001-9440-4417, Ukrainian Civil Protection Research Institute, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2020, (6): 102 - 108

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2020-6/102



Abstract:



Purpose.
The purpose of this article is to determine the theoretical and practical bases for knowledge management, which is a tool to ensure public safety during emergency response in Ukraine.


Methodology.
This paper highlights the issue of knowledge management to achieve the goals of protecting the population and territories against natural and man-made hazards. When investigating the issue, the authors used basic research methods, namely statistical analysis (to represent the variables of the impact of emergencies on the lives of the population, economy and environment of the country); logical and systems analysis (to describe knowledge development and management, to determine the content of knowledge management to ensure public safety); generalization, analysis and synthesis (to study the existing knowledge management system). Method of individual expert estimation was used during interviews with emergency management experts, which resulted in development of relative importance of knowledge factors.


Findings.
It has been found that knowledge management is a vital process to fulfill the purpose of protecting civilians and territories against natural and man-made disasters. Key knowledge factors on ensuring the safety of the civilian population in emergencies are classified in the main categories: legal, infrastructural, financial and economic, resource-based, organizational, social and political, and time. As a result of expert research, indicators of relative importance of the studied knowledge factors have been found out, which affect the safety of the civilian population during disaster management in Ukraine.


Originality.
Based on logical analysis, the phenomenon of knowledge management to ensure public safety during emergency response in Ukraine has been clarified. The concept of knowledge management for the safety of the civilian population during an emergency is specified as a process in which any authorities or enterprises (institutions, organizations) being stakeholders in the field of civil protection generate and accumulate knowledge for the benefit of the safety of life and activities of the civilian population. Key knowledge factors on ensuring the safety of the civilian population during emergency response (legal, infrastructural, financial and economic, resource-based, organizational, social and political, and time) have been identified and it has been found that they can influence all the stages of the emergency management cycle. It has also been determined that the following knowledge factors, such as social and political, organizational and resource-based ones are very important for emergency response.

Practical value. Research findings can be taken into account by the heads of authorities, enterprises (institutions, organizations) whose work relates to organizing and running events in civil protection during emergency response, which will enhance the safety of the civilian population.

Keywords: emergency, public safety, knowledge factors, knowledge management

References.


1. Information and analytical summary about emergency events for 2019 (2020). Retrieved from https://www.dsns.gov.ua/ua/Dovidka-za-kvartal/103179.html.

2. Petrenko, L. (2019). Improvement of qualification of civil protection specialists in the dimension of modern realities. Pedagogy and psychology of vocational education, 1, 95-104. https://doi.org/10.32447/22185186.2019.1.10.

3. Moshek, G., & Tsipurynda, V. (2016). The role of staff in the innovative development of the enterprise. In A. Mazaraki (Ed.), Proceedings of IX International Business Forum: Problems and Prospects for the Innovation Development of Ukraine, (pp. 122-124). Kyiv, Ukraine: Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics. Retrieved from https:// https://knute.edu.ua/file/MTc=/a23c3cc178b930b594a8eed04c5812e7.pdf.

4. Mykhailov, V. (2017). Ensuring public safety of the united territorial communities using the management cycle in civil protection. In V. Kyibida, & I. Rozputenko (Eds.), Proceedings of the Scientific and Practical Conference with International Participation: National Values and Interests in Public Administration. V. 1., (pp. 60-64). Kyiv: NADU.

5. Sendai Disaster Risk Reduction Framework for 20152030 (2015). Retrieved from https://www.unisdr.org/files/43291_russiansendaiframeworkfordisasterri.pdf.

6. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2013). Code of Civil Protection of Ukraine. Vedomosti of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 34-35, 458. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/5403-17.

7. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2018). Law of Ukraine On National Security. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/card/2469-19.

8. DSTU 3891-99. State Standard of Ukraine. Emergency Safety. Basic Terms and Definitions of Concepts (1999). Retrieved from https://dnaop.com/html/2278/doc-_3891-99.

9. Rudenko, M., & Kryvoruchko, V. (2016). Knowledge management as a competitive advantage of the enterprise. Ekomomica ta Derzhava, 4, 74-78.

10. Kozak, V. (2017). Knowledge Management in the View of Modernization of Public Administration in Ukraine. Collection of scientific works Public Administration and Local Government, 3(34), 43-48. Retrieved from http://dridu.dp.ua/vidavnictvo/2017/2017_03(34)/index.html.

11. Sytnyk, Yo. (2017). Knowledge management as a part of the intellectualization of enterprise management systems. Economy and Society, 8, 354-360.

12. Sikora, Ya. (2017). The use of knowledge management methods for e-learning organization. Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 5, 162-167. https://doi.org/10.33407/itlt.v61i5.1718.

13. Kovalchuk, G. (2015). Knowledge management as a component of the quality of vocational training in the system of social and economic security of the local environment. Higher education, 4-5, 20-37.

14. Anisimova, L., & Pryimak, V. (2015). Knowledge management technologies in view of quality management implementation. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Economics, 7(172), 14-20. https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2667.2015/172-7/2.

15. Illiashenko, S.M., Shipulina, Yu.S., Illiashenko, N.S., & Komarnytska, G.A. (2017). Knowledge management in the system organizations innovative development. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 1, 231-241. https://doi.org/10.21272/mmi.2017.1-21.

16. United Nations organization (2016). Knowledge management in the United Nations system. Retrieved from https://undocs.org/ru/JIU/REP/2016/10.

17. Special topic: fire at the military warehouses in Kalynivka (2017). Vezha. Retrieved from: https://vezha.ua/vybuhy-u-kalynivtsi-onovlyuyetsya/.

18. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2017). Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine On Approval of the Strategy for Reforming the State Emergency System of Ukraine. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/61-2017-%D1%80#Text.

19. Bashynska, I. (2015). Using the Method of Expert Evaluation in Economic Calculations. Actual Problems of Economics, 7, 408-412.

 

Visitors

3277846
Today
This Month
All days
98
98
3277846

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by issue 2020 Content №6 2020 Knowledge management as a tool to ensure public safety in emergencies