Results of testing and modelling the “drilling rig with hydraulic vibrator ‒ rock” system

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Authors:

Yu.O.Zhulay, PhD, Principal Researcher, orcid.org/0000-0001-7477-2028, Institute of Transport Systems and Technologies of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine, e‑mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.D.Nikolayev, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), Senior Researcher, orcid.org/0000-0003-0163-0891, Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2020, (1):11-17
https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2020-1/011

 повний текст / full article


Abstract:

A promising device that increases the efficiency of drilling wells in hard and super hard rocks is a drilling rig with a cavitation hydraulic vibrator. Inside it due to periodic growth, separation and collapsing of cavitational pockets, the pressure shock oscillations are realized in drilling mud. They are transformed into longitudinal vibrations of rock-breaking tool with frequencies of 1‒20 kHz and values of vibration accelerations from 500 to 3200 g. At repeated impact of power impulses of the rock-breaking tool, the destruction of rock becomes fatigue. As a result of resonance processes in the system of “drilling rig with hydraulic vibrator ‒ rock” and the development of a network of micro-cracks, the rock discontinuity occurs at the stresses lower than the break-down point of the rock. It leads to the increase in drilling speed, wear resistance of drilling tools, improvement of stabilization and steadiness of drilling string functioning.

Purpose. To determine the longitudinal vibrational accelerations of the drilling tool at its contact with the destroyed rock taking into account the forces acting in the axial direction on the structure of the drilling rig.

Methodology. Methods are based on the experimental and theoretical study on dynamic interaction of rock-breaking tool longitudinal oscillations with the rock.

Findings.The results are presented in the form of estimated dependences of the peak-to-peak values of fluid pressure oscillations and vibrational accelerations of rock-breaking tool on the value of cavitation parameter and their comparison with the experimental data.

Originality. It is established that:

- taking into account the contact of the drilling tool with the destroyed rock and forces acting along the axial direction on the structure of the drilling rig in the mathematical model of longitudinal oscillations of the drilling rig allows obtaining a satisfactory agreement of the calculated and experimental parameters of the fluid pressure oscillations and vibrational accelerations in the rock-breaking tool cross-section;

- for the given design of the hydraulic vibrator the rational regimes of its operation are determined (according to the dependence of the peak-to-peak values of vibrational accelerations on the cavitation parameter) as well as the length of the drilling rig (according to the distribution of the peak-to-peak values of vibrational accelerations along the axial length of the drilling rig).

Practical value. The mathematical model of the “drilling rig ‒ rock” system allows establishing the rational regime of operation of the cavitation hydraulic vibrator at the design stage to implement acceptable levels of vibrational accelerations on the rock-breaking tool.

References.

1. Melamed, Ju. A. (2002). Method of drilling with submersible hydroshock and reflector-synchronizer of hydroshock. Patent No. 2192534. Russian Federation.

2. Pilipenko, V. V., Zadontsev, V. A., Manko, I. K., Dovgotko, N. I., & Drozd, V. A. (1976). Generator of water pressure oscillations. Author’s certificate No.504444. USSR.

3. Pilipenko, V. V., Gavrilenko, N. M., Zadontsev, V. A., Man­ko, I. K., Dzoz, N. A., Davidenko, A. N., Drozd, V. A., … & Melamed, Yu. A. (1991). Method of drilling wells and device for its implementation. Author’s certificate No 1496351. USSR.

4. Manko, I. K., Kozlovskyi, Ye. Ye., Kozlovskyi, M. Ye., Semkiv, O. L., & Aleksashyna, N. I. (2014). The drilling rig for the well drilling. Patent No. 105937. Ukraine.

5. Khorshidian, H., Butt, S. D., & Arvani, F. (2014). Influence of High Velocity Jet on Drilling Performance of PDC Bit under Pressurized Condition. American Rock Mechanics Association, 1-6. Retrieved from https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/ARMA-2014-7465.

6. Xiao, Y., Zhong, J., Hurich, C., & Butt, S. D. (2015). Micro-Seismic Monitoring of PDC Bit Drilling Performance during Vibration Assisted Rotational Drilling. American Rock Mechanics Association, 49th U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, 28 June – 1 July, San Francisco, California, (pp. 1-7).Retrieved from https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/ARMA-2015-474/.

7. Thorp, N. J., Hareland, G., Elbing, B. R., & Nygaard, R. (2016). Modelling of a Drill Bit Blaster. American Rock Mechanics Association,50th U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, 26–29 June, Houston, Texas, (pp. 1-7).Retrieved from https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/ARMA-2016-451.

8. Babapour, S., & Butt, S. D. (2014). Investigation of Enhancing Drill cuttings Cleaning and Penetration Rate Using Cavitating Pressure Pulses. American Rock Mechanics Association. 48th U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, 1–4 June, Minneapolis, Minnesota, (pp. 1-6). Retrieved from https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/ARMA-2014-7751.

9. Shi, Huaizhong, Li, Gensheng, Huang, Zhongwei, & Shi, Shuaishuai (2014). Properties and testing of a hydraulic pulse jet and its application in offshore drilling. Petroleum Science, 11(3), 401-407. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12182-014-0354-1.

10. Martin, E. Cobern & Mark, E. Wassell (2005). Laboratory Testing of an Active Drilling Vibration Monitoring & Control System. National Technical Conference and Exhibition, held at the Wyndam Greenspoint in Houston, Texas, (pp. 1-14). Retrieved from https://www.aps-tech.com/site/assets/files/1301/aps-aade-05-ntce-025.pdf.

11. Manko, I. K., & Nikolayev, O. D. (2004). Mathematical modeling of longitudinal vibrations of a drilling tool with high-frequency cavitation hydrovibrator. Naukovyi Vіsnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, (11), 65-73.

12. Manko, I. K., & Nikolayev, O. D. (2004). The mechanism of transformation of high-frequency oscillations of drilling mud into longitudinal vibrational oscillations of a rock drilling tool with a cavitation hydrovibrator.Naukovyi Vіsnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, (10), 124-136.

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