Geochemical features of groundwater and mine water in coal basins of Ukraine (evidence from Chervonohrad mining area and Central Donbass)

User Rating:  / 0


S.P. Voitovych, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Department of Geology, Senior Analyst of Interfaculty Scientific Research Laboratory of Network Information Technology, Lviv, Ukraine.


Purpose. Summarize the component structure and properties of mine water from Chervonograd area and Central Donbass, and give the comparative description of the composition and properties of the fluid.

Methodology. Analysis and synthesis of own data and the information concerning studies of mine water published earlier by local scientists.

Findings. Quantitative and qualitative comparative evaluation of the composition of mine water from Chervonograd mining area and Central Donbass has been carried out. Neutral water from the both studied areas has been considered in detail. Mine water from Chervonograd mining area is characterized by values of mineralization from 3 to 10 g/dm3, and the water from Central Donbass, from 1-2 to 30 g/dm3. It has been proved that in Chervonograd mining area the anions of chlorine are dominant anions, and in Central Donbas, chloride ions and sulfate ions. Sodium ions are dominant cations in Chervonograd mining area; and cationic composition of mine waters in Central Donbass is different.

Originality. The areas of distribution of a certain range of concentrations of major ions in composition of mine waters have been established and spatial geochemical characteristics of these waters have been found. This is the first comparative description of the component composition of mine water from Chervonograd mining area and Central Donbass.

Practical value. The results of the study of component composition of mine water can be used to choose the best way of mine water purification and to forecast changes in the environment caused by its influence. Selection of an optimal technological scheme of mine water purification turned out to be a challenging task due to the composition of the fluid and the variety of impurities in it. Thus knowledge of the chemical composition allows selection of the most effective and low-cost purification method. The results obtained can also be used in coal mines for prediction of chemical composition of mine water.


1. Тарасова Е.А. Химический состав шахтных вод Донецко-Макеевского района Донбасса и новые методы его прогнозирования / Е.А.Тарасова, Ю.А. Проскурня // Наукові праці Донецького національного технічного університету. Серія: Гірничо-геологічна. – 2007. – Вип. 112. – Том 1. – С. 38–42.

Tarasova, Ye.A. and Proskurnya, Yu.A. (2007), “The chemical composition of mine water in Donetsk-Makeevka area of Donbass and new methods of forecasting”, Naukovi Pratsi Donetskoho Natsionalnoho Tekhnichnoho Universytetu, Series Mining-and-Geological, vol.1, no.112, pp. 38–42.

2. Суярко В.Г. Геохимия подземных вод восточной части Днепровско-Донецкого авлакогена / Суярко В.Г. // ХНУ им. В.Н. Каразина – Харьков, 2006. – 225 с.

Suyarko, V.G. (2006), Geokhymiya podzemnykh vod vostochnoy chasti Dneprovsko-Donetskogo avlakogena [Groundwater Geochemistry of the Eastern Part of the Dnieper-Donets Aulacogen], KhNU imeni V.N. Karazina, Kharkov, Ukraine.

3. Бучацька Г.М. Гідрогеологічні умови та гідрогеохімічна зональність Львівсько-Волинського вугільного басейну / Г.М. Бучацька // Вісник Львівського університету: Серія Геологічна. – 2009. – Вип. 23. – С. 175–183.

Buchatska, H.M. (2009), “Hydrogeological conditions and hydrogeochemical zoning of Lviv-Volyn Coal Basin”, Visnyk Lvivskoho Universytetu, Series Geological, no.23, pp. 175–183.

4. Улицький О.А. Геохімічні особливості шахтних вод Донбасу / О.А. Улицький // Вісник Харківського національного університету ім.В.Н. Каразіна. Серія: Геологія. Географія. Екологія. – 2009. – Вип. 31. – С.79–82.

Ulytskyi, O.A. (2009), “Geochemical characteristics of mine water in Donbass”, Visnyk Kharkivskoho Natsionalnoho Universytetu im. V.N. Karazina, no.31, pp. 79–82.

5. Суярко В.Г. Гідрогеохімія (геохімія підземних вод) / Суярко В.Г. – Харків, ХНУ ім. В.Н.Каразіна, 2010. – 112 с.

Suyarko, V.H. (2010), Hidroheokhimiya (heokhimiya pidzemnykh vod) [Hydrogeochemistry (Groundwater Geochemistry)], KhNU imeni V.N. Karazyna, Kharkov,Ukraine.

6. Крайнов С.Р. Гидрогеохимия / Крайнов С.Р., Швец В.М. – М.: Недра, 1992. – 463 с.

Kraynov, S.R. and Shvets, V.M (1992), Hydroheo-khymyya [Hydrogeochemistry], Nedra, Moscow, Russia.

7. Бучацька Г.М. Геохімічні та гідрогеохімічні особливості Червоноградського гірничопромислового району / Г.М. Бучацька // Вісник Львівського університету. Серія Геологічна. – Львів, 2002. – Вип. 16. – С.144–154.

Buchatska, H.M. (2002), “Geochemical and hydrogeochemical features of Chervonograd mining area”, Visnyk Lvivskoho Universytetu, Series Geological, no.16, pp. 144–154.

8. Дузь А.И. Охрана среды и использование отходов угольного производства / Дузь А.И., Пичугин Б.В., Дуденко И.И. – Донецк: Донбас, 1990. – 110 с.

Duz, A.I., Pichugin, B.V. and Dudenko, I.I. (1990), Okhrana sredy i ispolzovaniye otkhodov ugolnogo proizvodstva [Environment Protection and Coal Production Wastes Utilization], Donbas, Donetsk, Ukraine.

9. Суярко В.Г. Можливості використання підземних і шахтних вод Донбасу як гідромінеральної сировини / В.Г. Суярко, І.К. Решетов, К.О. Безрук // Екологія довкілля та безпека життєдіяльності. – 2007. – № 3. – С. 7–12.

Suyarko, V.H., Reshetov, I.K. and Bezruk, K.O. (2007), “Possibilities of utilization of groundwater and mine water of Donbas as a hydro-mineral raw material”, Ekolohiia Dovkillia ta Bezpeka Zhyttiediialnosti, no.3, pp. 7–12.


Date 2015-10-10 Filesize 935.68 KB Download 1014


This Month
All days

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.


D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by issue 2015 Contents No.2 2015 Geology Geochemical features of groundwater and mine water in coal basins of Ukraine (evidence from Chervonohrad mining area and Central Donbass)