Formalization of geoecological mapping by geological-geophysical data

User Rating:  / 0
PoorBest 

Authors:

O.K. Tyapkin, Dr. Sci. (Geol.), Senior Research Fellow, Institute for Nature Management Problems & Ecology of NAS of Ukraine, Deputy Director for Scientific Affairs, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.

P.I. Pigulevskiy, Dr. Sci. (Geol.), Senior Research Fellow, Dnipropetrovsk Geophysical Expedition “Dniproheofizyka”, Chief Geophysicist, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.

O.G. Bilashenko, State Higher Educational Institution “National Mining University”, postgraduate student, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.

Abstract:

Purpose. To raise the formalization level of solution of geoecological mapping tasks concerning processing of multiparameter geological-geophysical data for problems of high-manmade-load territories changeover to sustainable development in Ukraine.

Methodology. We applied the fuzzy sets theory to raise formalization and efficiency of solution of various tasks of geoecological mapping. When we processed complex geological-geophysical data, the fuzzy purposes achievement task was solved by the Bellman-Zadeh approach. It considers the purposes of acceptance of the decision and the set of alternatives (restrictions) to be equal in rights fuzzy subsets of some universal set of alternatives. To determine the relative weight of different restrictions we solved the ordering problem given fuzzy initial information. Where it was necessary for solving the mentioned tasks we did the transition from fuzzy sets to traditional sets through the level sets, taking into account geological-geophysical conditions of the territory under review.

Findings. The technology of large-scale formalized rating and prediction of development of radiologic conditions of high-manmade-load territories in southeast Ukraine was developed. Thus we based the computing procedures of definition of parameters describing spatial distribution of radioactive pollution in various geospheres in concrete points on the solution of the task of fuzzy purposes achievement by Bellman-Zadeh approach. For this the formalized purposes and restrictions were determined. To determine the influence of the territory tectonic structure features on linear and area distribution of technogenous radioactive pollution we solved the formalized task of definition of fault fragment borders and association of fragments into uniform structures based on geological-geophysical data by calculation of convex combination of fuzzy sets of indicators (attributes) of faults.

Originality. Application of the fuzzy setstheory for processing of multiparameter geological-geophysical data in order to solve various tasks of geoecological mapping of high-manmade-load territories of Ukraine.

Practical value. Application of the formalized procedures of geoecological mapping using geological-geophysical data (developed on the base of the fuzzy sets theory) allows us to raise the efficiency of development of the ways of increase of anthropogenic safety level and minimization of social, economic and ecological losses in the high-manmade-load territories of Ukraine.

References:

1. Шапар А.Г. Про Концепцію переходу України до сталого розвитку: зб. наук. праць / А.Г. Шапар // Інститут проблем природокористування та екології НАН України. – Дніпропетровськ, 2008. – Вип. 11. – С. 37–61.

Shapar, A.H. (2008), “About the Concept of sustainable development”, Ekolohiiaipryrodokorystuvannia: ZbirnykhaukovykhpratsInstytutuproblempryrodokorystuvanniataekolohiiNANUkrainy, no.11, pp. 37–61.

2. Система індикаторів сталого розвитку регіонів України та оцінювання сучасного стану їх збалансованості: зб. наук. праць / [В.П. Кухар, П.М. Черінько, Л.Г. Руденко та ін.] // Інститут проблем природокористування та екології НАН України. – Дніпропетровськ, 2011. – Вип. 14. – С. 7–25.

Kukhar, V.P., Cherinko, P.M., Rudenko, L.H., Lisovskyi, S.A., Shapar, A.H., Yemets, M.A., Burkinskyi, B.V. and Kharichkov, S.K. (2011) “The system of indicators of sustainable development of regions of Ukraine and estimation of modern condition of their balance”, Ekolohiiaipryrodokorystuvannia: ZbirnyknaukovykhpratsInstytutuproblempryrodokorystuvanniataekolohiiNANUkrainy, no. 14, pp. 7–25.

3. Адаменко О.М. Екологічна геофізика / О.М. Адаменко, Г.Й. Квятковський. – Івано-Франківськ: Факел, 2000. – 501 с.

Adamenko, O.M. and Kviatkovskyi, H.I. (2000), Ekologichnageofizyka [Ecological Geophysics], Fakel, Ivano-Frankovsk, Ukraine.

4. Богословский В.А. Экологическая геофизика / Богословский В.А., Жигалин А.Д., Хмелевской В.К. – М.: Изд-во МГУ, 2000. – 256 с.

Bohoslovskyi, V.A., Zhyhalin, A.D. and Khmelevskoi, V.K. (2000), Ekologichnageofizyka [Ecological geophysics], Izdatelstvo MHU, Moscow, Russia.

5. Tyapkin, O.K. Shapar, A.H. and Troian, J.G. (2001), “The Prediction of Changes of a Radiological Situation of Industrial Advanced Regions of NIS”, Proc. EAGE 63rd Conference and Technical Exhibition. Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Vol.2, Paper P233.

6. Тяпкин К.Ф. Физика Земли / Тяпкин К.Ф. – К.: Вища школа, 1998. – 312 с.

Tyapkin, K.F. (1998), Fizika Zemli [Physics of the Earth], Vyshcha shkola, Kyiv, Ukraine.

7. Досвід комплексної оцінки та картографування факторів техногенного впливу на природне середовище міст Кривого Рогу та Дніпродзержинська / [І.Д. Баргій, А.М. Білоус, Ю.Г. Вілкул та ін.] – К.: Фенікс, 2000. – 110 с.

Bahrii, I.D., Bilous, A.M., Vilkul, Yu.H., Hozhyk, P.F., Hryshchenko, S.H., Palii, V.M., Kovalenko, I.A., Kuzmenko, O.B., Maiakov, I.D., Antonov, O.M., Mamishev, I.Ye. and Kosaretskui, V.V. (2000), DosvidkompleksnoiotsinkytakartografuvanniafaktorivtekhnogennogovplyvunapryrodneseredovyshchemistKryvogoRoguiDniprodzerzhynska [Experience of complex rating and mapping of technogenous influence factors on an environment of cities Kryvyi Rig and Dniprodzezhynsk], Feniks, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Files:
2014_2_tyapkin
Date 2014-07-11 Filesize 403.97 KB Download 643

Visitors

3230015
Today
This Month
All days
323
16618
3230015

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by field of science Ecology Formalization of geoecological mapping by geological-geophysical data