The method of detalization of pollution spatial distribution (on the example of Kiev metropolitan area)

User Rating:  / 0
PoorBest 

Authors:

M.N. Zhukov, Dr. Sci. (Geol.), Professor, Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

I.R. Stakhiv, Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University, postgraduate student, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Abstract:

Purpose. To create the method of detalization of spatial distribution of harmful impurities in big cities for ecological monitoring of the environment.

Methodology. We have reproduced the values of pollution parameters by digitized parameters of geological and landscape, and environmental conditions.

Findings. We have developed the method of improvement of representativeness of monitoring network. This increases significantly the conformity of the assessment of the ecological characteristics spatial distribution to real situation. We have constructed the maps of pollution of the city of Kyiv by dust. Multiple correlation coefficients have been found between the pollution level and the parameters of environment conditions. They have high values of 0.82–0.98. The example of the city of Kyiv shows us the effectiveness of the method. We have determined the parameters of environment conditions most closely associated with the rate of pollution.

Originality. The method of detalization of spatial distribution of harmful impurities in air is based on measuring of the multiple correlations between the pollution index and the index of environment conditions in the observation point. To register environment conditions we have proposed the point scale for 8 parameters (soil composition, relief, urbanization degree, transport traffic, green spaces, aeration, distance from the source of contamination, nature of the surface).

Practical Value. The method makes it possible to reflect the state of the environment in cities more accurately. This assures complete control over the state of environment by environmental monitoring.

 

References:

 

1. Сніжко С.І. Урбометеорологічні аспекти забруднення атмосферного повітря великого міста / С.І. Сніжко, О.Г. Шевченко. – К. : Видавництво географічної літератури „Обрії“, 2011. – 297 с.

 

Snizhko, S.I., Shevchenko, O.G., (2011), Urbometeorologichni aspecty zabrudnennia atmosfernogo povitria velykogo mista [Meteorological Aspects of Air Pollution of Urban Areas], “Obrii”, Kyiv, Ukraine.

 

2. Каменева І.П. Комплексний аналіз екологічної безпеки міста на основі сучасних ГІС-технологій / І.П. Каменева, Д.О. Полішко, О.О. Попов  // Екологія довкілля та безпека життєдіяльності. – 2008. – №5. – С. 41–46.

 

Kameneva, I.P., Polishko, D.O. and Popov, O.O. (2008), “Comprehensive analysis of environmental protection on the basis of modern GIS technology”, Ekologiia dovkillia ta bezpeka zhyttediialnosti, no. 5, pp. 41–46.  

 

3. Руководящий документ. Руководство по контролю загрязнения атмосферы: РД 52.04. 186-89. − М.: Министерство здравоохранения СССР, 1991. – 549 с.

 

Rykovodyashuy document. Rukovodstvo po kontroly zahryazneniya atmosfery (1991), [Guidance Document. Guidelines for Air Pollution Control], Ministerstvo zdravokhraneniya SSSR, Moscow.

 

4. Жуков М.Н. Математична статистика та обробка геологічних даних / Жуков М.Н.К.: Вища школа, 2008. – 481 c.

 

Zhukov, M.N. (2008), Matematychna statystyka i obrobka geologichnykh danykh [Mathematical Statistics and Processing of Geological Data], Vusha shkola, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Files:
2014_1_zhukov
Date 2014-07-16 Filesize 569.27 KB Download 753

Visitors

3232133
Today
This Month
All days
558
558
3232133

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by field of science Ecology The method of detalization of pollution spatial distribution (on the example of Kiev metropolitan area)