Tectonic factors of impurity elements accumulation at the Shubarkol coal deposit (Kazakhstan)

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Authors:


A.N.Kopobayeva, orcid.org/0000-0002-0601-9365, Karaganda Technical University, Karaganda, the Republic of Kazakhstan, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

V.S.Portnov, orcid.org/0000-0002-4940-3156, Karaganda Technical University, Karaganda, the Republic of Kazakhstan, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

S.P.Kim, orcid.org/0000-0001-7691-0826, Shubarkol Komir Joint Stock Company, Karaganda, the Republic of Kazakhstan, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A.Amangeldykyzy, orcid.org/0000-0002-6665-8804, Karaganda Technical University, Karaganda, the Republic of Kazakhstan, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

N.S.Askarova, orcid.org/0000-0002-2103-6198, Karaganda Technical University, Karaganda, the Republic of Kazakhstan, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2021, (5): 011 - 015

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2021-5/011



Abstract:



Purpose.
To study the features of the paleotectonic development of the area and to construct paleotectonic reconstruction of the deposit formation to establish the nature of impurity elements accumulation in the coals and enclosing rocks of the Shubarkol deposit, as well as to increase the mineral resource potential of coals.


Methodology.
25 samples of coal and mudstone from the Shubarkol deposit were analyzed. The samples were studied by instrumental neutron- activation analysis (INAA) at the Nuclear Geochemical Laboratory of National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University.


Findings.
An analysis of geological-structural and paleotectonic formation conditions of the Jurassic coal deposit was carried. The factors of formation of coal and carbon-containing rocks enriched with impurity elements and the conditions needed for its leaching and transportation to the coal seam were analyzed. It was found that the coals in individual samples have average concentrations of Ce, Ba, Sr, Sc, Zn that are higher than the clarke, and Sm, Ce, U, Cr, Yb, Ba, Sr, Nd, As, Sc, Zn, Eu, La in the composition of mudstone have average values that are higher than in coals, and higher than the clarke. It was established that one of the sources of rare-metal mineralization of coals (peat) in the Mesozoic and Cenozoic times were the rock massifs of the Kokchetau uplift in the north and northwest, the Kaptyadyr, Arganatinsk and Ulutau mountains in the west. They form the chain of the Kokchetau-North Tien Shan ancient folded structure and the Central Kazakhstan (Devonian) volcanic-plutonic belt in the east. They surround the sedimentation basin and serve as suppliers of clastic material during the coal-bearing strata formation due to tectonic processes of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic time.


Originality.
The paleotectonic development of the Shubarkol deposit area during the coal-bearing formation has been reconstructed. It has been established that the Sarysu-Teniz uplift in the Permian-Triassic is separated into an independent block, to which the studied deposit is spatially and genetically related. It has been established that the distribution of elements in the coals of the Shubarkol deposit is determined by the peculiarities of metallogeny, geochemistry of the framing area and the mechanisms of the elements entering the coal seams.


Practical value.
A purposeful analysis of materials for the peculiarities of high concentrations of impurity elements accumulation in coal in connection with deep fault zones at the Shubarkol deposit serves as an objective justification of the possibility of their integrated use, ensuring the development of the countrys coal industry.



Keywords:
Shubarkol, geology, paleotectonics, paleogeography, coal, impurity elements

References.


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