State policy in the field of employment: legal problems and prospects in the conditions of martial law

User Rating:  / 0
PoorBest 

Authors:


D.Shvets*, orcid.org/0000-0001-8757-9067,  Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

M.Pyvovar, orcid.org/0000-0001-5495-5361, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

I.Oleksiv, orcid.org/0009-0009-9400-4988,  Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Lviv, Ukraine; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

T.Zhyravetskyy, orcid.org/0000-0002-8503-8571,  Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

N.Marych, orcid.org/0000-0003-1697-4320, Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

* Corresponding author e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2024, (2): 185 - 193

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2024-2/185



Abstract:



Purpose.
On the basis of the analysis of legal problems and prospects of state policy (SP) in the field of employment (FE) under martial law to substantiate the direction of SP changes in this area; and the strategic necessity of the social orientation of the specified policy. To offer recommendations: improvement of legal provision of SP; and the addition of legal norms to expand the possibilities of supporting SP with a single information and analytical system (SIAS).


Methodology.
General scientific and special methods of cognition are used: statistical analysis – to study changes in employment under martial law; analysis and synthesis – to determine the main tasks of SP in FE under martial law conditions, induction and deduction – to determine an important goal of SP – stabilization of this sphere; critical analysis – to substantiate the strategic necessity of the social direction of SP in FE; logical abstraction – to use SIAS for legal support of SP; formal and legal – to develop amendments to legislative acts to eliminate legal problems of SP implementation.


Findings.
Factors of the influence of the war on the labor market are established, the directions of state policy, caused by the specified influences, are determined. The main tasks of the SP in the field of employment under martial law are defined. It is indicated that the legal non-demarcation of the powers of institutional structures leads to the dysfunction of operational measures in this area. It is noted that the lack of strategic orientation of the SP leads to the acquisition of permanent structural features in the disproportions of the labor market. The importance of combining operational measures and long-term measures to solve strategic tasks is indicated, even under existing military conditions.


Originality.
The strategic necessity of the social direction of state policy in the field of employment is substantiated, even under martial law conditions, and for this purpose changes in legislation are proposed. The use of SIAS for forecasting employment and legal support of SP is proposed. Additions to legislative acts have been developed for the proper legal support of SP.


Practical value.
The proposed additions to the Laws of Ukraine, proposals to expand the use of SIAS will allow resolving some legal problems in the field of employment.



Keywords:
state policy, sphere of employment, conditions of martial law, legal norms

References:


1. Novikova, O. F., Ostafychuk, Y. V., & Novak, I. M. (2022). Changes in the labor and tax legislation of Ukraine under military conditions: problems and prospects for improvement. Economy of industry, 2(98), 75-90. https://doi.org/10.15407/econindustry2022.02.075.

2. Blyzniuk, V. V., & Huk, L. P. (2021). The failures of the state regulation at the labor market and the possibilities of their minimization. Economy of Ukraine, 12, 22-43. https://doi.org/10.15407/economyukr.2021.12.022.

3. Ostapenko, L. O. (2021). Administrative and legal prerequisites of state policy in the field of labor. Scientific notes of Lviv University of Business and Law, 26, 165-169. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4461516.

4. Vasyltsiv, T., Levytska, O., & Rudkovsky, O. (2022). Structural disproportions and imbalances in the labor market of oblasts of the Carpathian region of Ukraine in the conditions of war: trends, threats, orientations for stabilization policy and use of opportunities. Economy and society, 37. https://doi.org/10.32782/2524-0072/2022-37-37.

5. Azmuk, N. A. (2022). The Transformation of the Labor Market in the Conditions of War: Challenges and Strategies for Labor Force Renewal. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, 1(42), 171-179. https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2022.1(42).171-179.

6. Golovan, T. G. (2023). State policy in the sphere of employment of the population under the conditions of military intervention. Analytical and comparative jurisprudence, 1, 241-244. https://doi.org/10.24144/2788-6018.2023.01.37.

7. Ladonko, L., Kalinko, I., & Filipova, N. (2023). Analysis of the labor market and ensuring state regulation of the level of employment of the population in Ukraine. Problems of modern transformations. Series: Economics and Management, 9. https://doi.org/10.54929/2786-5738-2023-9-07-01.

8. Shapovalova, T., & Ihnatenko, A. (2023). Social policy of Ukraine in the field of employment under martial law. Economic analysis, 33(2), 50-54. https://doi.org/10.35774/econa2023.02.050.

9. Teslenko, D., & Hbur, Z. (2022). Public administration in the field of employment. Investments: practice and experience, (5-6), 57-63. https://doi.org/10.32702/2306-6814.2022.5-6.57.

10. Serohina, N. O. (2021). Institutional processes of public administration in the field of employment: problems of implementation. Efficiency of public administration, 2(63). https://doi.org/10.33990/2070-4011.63.2020.212637.

11. Kovach, V. O. (2020). State population employment policy in the conditions of the labor market. Public administration, 2(22), 93-104. https://doi.org/10.32689/2617-2224-2020-2(22)-93-104.

12. Skoryk, H. I., & Stanko, L. I. (2023). Problems and improvements of state regulation of employment in Ukraine. Scientific perspectives, 5(35), 259-274. https://doi.org/10.52058/2708-7530-2023-5(35)-259-274.

13. Serohina, N. (2023). Employment of the population under martial law as an integral component of ensuring national security. Law and public administration, (2), 171-186. https://doi.org/10.32840/pdu.2023.2.26.

14. Bogush, L. G. (2022). Approaches to estimating losses in the employment sphere of Ukraine as a result of military actions. KhNTU bulletin, 4(83), 74-80. https://doi.org/10.35546/kntu2078-4481.2022.4.10.

15. The Institute for Economic Research and Policy Consulting (2024). 21 st Monthly survey of enterprises “Ukrainian business during the war”. Retrieved from http://www.ier.com.ua/ua/institute/news?pid=7391.

16. Tomchuk, O. (2023). Analysis of labor market development trends in Ukraine: key changes and challenges of wartime. Innovation and Sustainability, (2), 110-119. https://doi.org/10.31649/ins.2023.2.110.119.

17. Vasyl’yeva, O., Horoshkova, L., & Shvydka, S. (2023). The imbalance of the labor market in Ukraine: current trends and guidelines for overcoming disproportions. University Economic Bulletin, 57, 99-108. https://doi.org/10.31470/2306-546X-2023-57-99-109.

18. Minfin (2024). The number of registered unemployed in Ukraine from 2000 to 2024. Retrieved from https://index.minfin.com.ua/ua/labour/unemploy/register/2022/.

19. Cheromukhina, О., & Chaliuk, Y. (2022). The labor market during the war: state and prospects. Economy and society, 46. https://doi.org/10.32782/2524-0072/2022-46-24.

20. State Service of Ukraine on Labor Issues (2024). Overcoming undeclared work. Retrieved from https://dsp.gov.ua/podolannia-nelehalnoi-zainiatosti/.

21. Gryhorenko, Y. I. (2016). Problems of legal responsibility of citizens undergoing alternative (non-military) service and their influence on legal responsibility of servicepersons in Ukraine. The Journal of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Series Law, (22), 47-49.

22. Levytska, O., Mulska, O., Ivaniuk, U., Kunytska-Iliash, M., Vasyltsiv, T., & Lupak, R. (2020). Modelling the conditions affecting population migration activity in the eastern European region: The case of Ukraine. TEM Journal, 9(2), 507-514. https://doi.org/10.18421/TEM92-12.

23. Zayed, N. M., Rashid, M. M., Darwish, S., Faisal-E-Alam, M., Nitsenko, V., & Islam, K. M. A. (2022). The Power of Compensation System (CS) on Employee Satisfaction (ES): The Mediating Role of Employee Motivation (EM). Economies, 10, 290. https://doi.org/10.3390/economies10110290.

24. Hilorme, T., Perevozova, I., Sakun, A., Reznik, O., & Khaustova, Ye. (2019). Human Capital as a Factor in the Implementation of Energy-Saving Technologies. 34 th IBIMA Conference: 13–14 November 2019, Madrid, Spain Vision 2025: Education Excellence and Management of Innovations through Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage, 9452-9460. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1943.

25. Kryshtanovych, M., Akimova, L., Akimov, O., Parkhomenko-Kutsevil, O., & Omarov, A. (2022). Features of creative burnout among educational workers in public administration system. Creativity Studies, 15(1), 116-129. https://doi.org/10.3846/cs.2022.15145.

 

Visitors

6655119
Today
This Month
All days
8851
159307
6655119

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Cooperation Partners EngCat Archive 2024 Content №2 2024 State policy in the field of employment: legal problems and prospects in the conditions of martial law