Methods for improving accounting and analytical support of enterprises in order to protect the environment

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Authors:


S.M.Belinska*, orcid.org/0000-0001-5826-5958, Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolaiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A.M.Uzhva, orcid.org/0000-0001-5239-5516, Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolaiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.V.Lazarieva, orcid.org/0000-0002-1050-7118, Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolaiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

* Corresponding author e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2023, (3): 089 - 096

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2023-3/089



Abstract:



Purpose.
Analysis and identification of peculiarities of man-made pollution (MMP) that are not reflected in the reporting. Development of mathematical methods for their calculation. Classification of environmental costs (EC) in accounting. Development of proposals for improvement of tax reporting tools and norms, enhancement of the impact of tax instruments on the introduction of environmental protection technologies and stimulating enterprise management to use the “environmental obligations” tools.


Methodology.
Special and general methods of scientific knowledge were used: induction and deduction – to identify the peculiarities of technogenic pollution which are not taken into consideration in the accounting reporting; analytical method – for proposals to improve accounting and analytical support; method of analysis and synthesis – for the development of EC classification; mathematical analysis – to develop the method for calculating the peculiarities of pollution that are not taken into account in the reporting.


Findings.
It is proposed to strengthen the motivational value of environmental obligations. The need to take into account the synergistic and vector nature of the polluting effects on the environment is pointed out. It is proposed to introduce an information center for accounting of natural capital for analysis and consideration of environmental damage in real time. A classification of costs aimed at achieving environmental goals has been developed and purpose of each of their types is specified. This allows increasing the effectiveness of management accounting. The need to publish management reporting is substantiated to ensure public audit as well as to increase the effectiveness of the management of environmental tasks.


Originality.
The peculiarities of MMP, which are not reflected in the accounting reports, are established, mathematical methods for their calculation and evaluation are developed. Improvement of tax reporting tools and norms, strengthening of the impact of tax instruments, effective stimulation of enterprise management to use “environmental obligations” tools are proposed.


Practical value.
Methods for calculating the peculiarities of MMP and proposals for improving accounting and analytical support to increase the efficiency of management and tax activities are introduced.



Keywords:
accounting and analytical support, man-made pollution, mathematical methods of calculation, improvement of accounting

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