Converting Slovianska TPP with the central coal pulverizing plant from anthracite to sub-bituminous coal

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Authors:


M.V.Chernyavskyi*, orcid.org/0000-0003-4225-4984, Thermal Energy Technology Institute of National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.Yu.Provalov, orcid.org/0000-0002-5191-2259, Thermal Energy Technology Institute of National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Ye.S.Miroshnychenko, orcid.org/0000-0003-2487-6886, Thermal Energy Technology Institute of National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.V.Kosyachkov, orcid.org/0000-0002-9445-8738, Thermal Energy Technology Institute of National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

* Corresponding author e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2023, (3): 046 - 053

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2023-3/046



Abstract:



Purpose.
To develop scientific foundations and technical solutions and to implement the converting of the anthracite boiler of the 800 MW unit of Slovianska TPP with central coal pulverizing plant to sub-bituminous coal combustion with maximum use of existing equipment, without stopping the unit’s operation.


Methodology.
Theoretical and calculational studies on the processes of coal drying and pulverizing at the central coal pulverizing plant. Calculational justification of technical solutions to eliminate the risk of pulverized coal ignition in the pulverized coal supply system and in the boiler unit burners. Trial tests at the coal pulverizing plant and boiler unit.


Findings.
The technological features of coal pulverizing plant with steam panel dryers designed for anthracite and the peculiarities of the drying process of an individual coal particle were analyzed. It is substantiated that coal drying at the first stages takes place according to the “wet bulb thermometer” mechanism, and safe conditions for sub-bituminous coal pulverizing are determined and confirmed by tests. Technical solutions to eliminate the risk of pulverized coal ignition in the pulverized coal supply system and in the boiler burners were calculated and implemented, which allows the combustion of different coal grades (anthracite, sub-bituminous coal and their mixtures) without changing the composition of the air duct equipment and burners, using only operational measures.


Originality.
For the first time, it was proved that coal drying at the first stages takes place according to the “wet bulb thermometer” mechanism, and safe conditions for sub-bituminous coal pulverizing at the central pulverizing plant with steam panel dryers and unventilated ball drum mills were determined.


Practical value.
Technical solutions were developed and implemented to convert the anthracite boiler of the 800 MW unit of Slovianska TPP with a central coal pulverizing plant to sub-bituminous coal burning with maximal use of existing equipment, without stopping the unit’s operation, including safe modes of sub-bituminous coal pulverizing, as well as pulverized coal of various coal grades and their mixtures feeding and combustion. As a result of the implementation of the developed technical solutions, the 800 MW power unit of Slovianska TPP became the first unit in the world capable of using anthracite and sub-bituminous coal separately or in the form of mixtures of a wide range of compositions.



Keywords:
anthracite, sub-bituminous coal, pulverized coal boiler, central coal pulverizing plant, steam panel dryer, swirl burner

References.


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