Sustainability assessment of an open-pit mine using a new model developed based on Folchi approach

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Esmaeil Pouresmaeili,, Department of Mining and Geology, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran

Arash Ebrahimabadi,, Department of Petroleum, Mining and Material Engineering, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, e-mail This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Hadi Hamidian,, Department of Mining and Geology, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran

повний текст / full article

Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2021, (6): 141 - 147


Surface mining is one of the main activities that affect the environment, economy and society in its surrounding region. Therefore, it is important to investigate the results of this activity in terms of sustainability assessment. Measuring sustainability of a mine requires a methodology which covers all aspects of mining sustainability.The purpose of the article is to assess the sustainability of career development and determine which components require modification and more consideration.

Many researchers have tried to develop certain frameworks to measure sustainable score of mining activities, while some of them are complicated and the rest of them do not cover all aspects of sustainability. In this research work, in order to evaluate the sustainability of an open-pit mine, Folchi method based on Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) approach was used. With this respect, primarily, influential factors and the impact of each influential factor on the sustainable component of an open-pit mine were investigated.

In this regard, Anguran lead and zinc open-pit mine was chosen as a case study. A correlation matrix of the weighted impact of each influential factor on each environmental component was built up based on experts opinion. Afterwards, the magnitude of the influential factors and the impact of each influential factor on the sustainable component of Anguran mine were calculated.

The results obtained using the Folchi method demonstrated that human health and safety, water quality, air quality, flora and fauna, as well as the surface have become decisive factors in the sustainability of Anguran open-pit mine.

Practical value.
Finally, it can be concluded that Anguran quarry is characterized by a significant degree of resilience due to the low level of influence of the influential factors, and there is no need to modify any influential factors.

sustainability, sustainable development, Folchi method, lead and zinc mine, Anguran


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