Problems of criminal liability for illegal amber mining in Ukraine

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Authors:


R.O.Movchan, orcid.org/0000-0003-2074-8895, Vasyl Stus Donetsk National University, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A.A.Vozniuk, orcid.org/0000-0002-3352-5626, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

D.V.Kamensky, orcid.org/0000-0002-3610-2514, Berdyansk State Pedagogical University, Berdyansk, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.O.Dudorov, orcid.org/0000-0003-4860-0681, Luhansk State University of Internal Affairs named after E.O.Didorenko, Sieverodonetsk, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A.V.Andrushko, orcid.org/0000-0002-7735-7898, Uzhhorod National University, Uzhhorod, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2021, (6): 113 - 117

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2021-6/113



Abstract:



Purpose.
Critical analysis of the criminal law provision on illegal mining of amber, identification of its shortcomings, development of proposals for their elimination.


Methodology.
The system of philosophical, general scientific and specific scientific methods and approaches, which have provided objective analysis of the subject under consideration, in particular, the method of systemic and structural analysis, specific sociological, statistical, comparative, formal-logical methods.


Findings.
Shortcomings of the criminal law provision on illegal mining, sale, acquisition, storage, transfer, shipment, transportation and processing of amber, in particular, unjustified expansion of the criminal law prohibition under consideration, unsuccessful design of the main and qualified components of the criminal offense under review, as well as unjustified sanctions.


Originality.
The authors have been among the first researchers in the domestic criminal law doctrine to provide a comprehensive critical understanding of the provision dedicated to the regulation of criminal liability for illegal amber mining, which has made it possible to develop scientifically based recommendations for improving domestic criminal law.


Practical value.
Based on the research results, specific proposals addressed to domestic parliamentarians have been developed, which can be taken into account in the process of further lawmaking in terms of updating relevant provisions of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. It is argued that the improved Art. 240-1 should only cover illegal mining of amber. The main structure of the researched criminal offense is proposed to be designed as material. It has been proven, including through references to specific law enforcement materials, that sanctions of Part1 of Art. 240-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine should provide for a fine as the only non-alternative main type of punishment, while referenced to alternative punishments in the form of a fine and imprisonment should be included in Parts 2 and 3.



Keywords:
minerals, amber, environment, illegal mining, criminal offense, criminal liability

References.


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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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