Floods and their management in the Carpathian region of Ukraine

User Rating:  / 0
PoorBest 

Authors:

M.M.Prykhodko, Dr. Sc. (Geogr.), Prof., Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

Purpose. Substantiation of the system of flood preventive measures and reduction of flood intensity.

Methodology. In our research, we used systematic, statistical and analytical methods for study of cause and effect relationships of flood forming and substantiation of anti-floods preventive measures system.

Findings. We provided characteristics of natural (precipitations, topography) and anthropogenic (reduction of forest area, decrease in water accumulation capacity of the territory) factors causing floods in the Carpathian region of Ukraine. Also, there were substantiated measures of flood prevention and management that form an integral functionally interrelated bioengineering system in the basin. This system is formed on the principles of theory of “manageable complicity” and is considered as totality of organizational and preventive (biological and engineering-technical) measures that create a new totality and provide for decrease in volume, absorption and accumulation of surface slope flow, increase in water accumulation capacity of territory, and, as a result, reduction of maximal flow module and water level in the rivers.

Originality. We substantiated the adaptive landscape principle of bioengineering system formation that provides for regulation of surface slope flow in the basins of the rivers.

Practical value. Principles of territory organization, optimization of lands structure and their spacial distribution in the river basins were developed with consideration of landscape altitude areas, while forest land improvement and engineering and hydrotechnical engineering measures can be used as methodological grounds in case of anti-flood system development in the basins of the rivers Tysa, Prut, Dnister and their tributaries.

References.

1. Shynkaruk, L.A. and Khlapuk, M.M., 2014. Anti-flood accumulating capacities of the Ukrainian Carpathians’ rivers: design, construction, operation, research. Scientific bulletin of Uzhhorod University. Series: Geography. Land management. Ecosystem exploitation, 3, pp. 309‒314.

2. Prykhodko, M.M., 2013. Ecological safety of natural and anthropogenically modified geosystems. Кyiv: Center of environmental education and information.

3. Stoiko, S.M., 2011. System of ecological measures for prevention of floods in Ukrainian Carpathians. Bulletin of Lviv State University of Life Safety. Collected scientific works. Part 1. Engineering sciences, 5, pp. 91‒99.

4. Melnyk, А.А. and Yavkin, V.H., 2011. Basin systems, use of natural resources and deformation of flood hydrograph. (on the example of Podil tributaries of the Dniester river). Scientific Bulletin of Chernivtsi University. Series: geography, 553‒554, pp. 27‒33.

5. Prykhodko, М. and Prykhodko, N., 2013. Structure of the river basin as a basis for river basin management in the region of the Ukrainian Carpathians and adjacent territories. Scientific notes of Voodymyr Hnatiuk Ternopil National Pedagogic University. Series: geography, 1(34), pp. 42‒51.

6. Kalutskyi, I.F. and Oliinyk, V.S., 2007. Natural phenomena in mountain and forest environment of the Ukrainian Carpathians (wing slashes, floods, soil erosion). Lviv.: Kamula.

7. Oliinyk, V.S., 2013. Hydrological role of forests of the Ukrainian Carpathians. Ivano-Frankivsk: NАІР.

Files:
02_2017_Prykhodko
Date 2017-05-21 Filesize 5.48 MB Download 458

Visitors

3371156
Today
This Month
All days
26
7808
3371156

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by issue 2017 Contents No.2 2017 Environmental safety, labour protection Floods and their management in the Carpathian region of Ukraine