Emission of toxic combustion products caused by fire at storages of crude oil and petroleum products

User Rating:  / 0


D.P. Voytovych, Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Lviv State University of Life Safety, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Fire-Fighting Tactics and Operative Rescue Works, Lviv, Ukrainе.

E.M. Hulida, Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Professor, Lviv State University of Life Safety, Head of the Department of Fire-Fighting Tactics and Operative Rescue Works, Lviv, Ukrainе.


Purpose. To suggest a method, supported by theoretical and experimental studies, for determination of the relationship between the area of the fire and the amount of emissions of toxic combustion products during fire cases at the sites of storage of petroleum and its products. To reduce emissions by implementing highly effective engineering fire protection.

Methodology. The method of calculation of capabilities for fighting fires in tanks has been adopted to solve this problem. The subject of the research is the area of the fire in the vertical steel tanks PBC-5000 and the amount of toxic combustion products released in the convective flow due to a possible fire.

The environmental pollution with combustion products was determined by the dependencies that included specific values of possible emission of toxic products (stoichiometric coefficients). We have managed to reduce the values of each parameter through implementation of highly effective engineering and technical fire prevention measures.

Findings. The results received allow monitoring and controlling the environmental safety at the sites of storage of petroleum and its products. In addition, the proposed dependencies allow determining the quantitative composition of toxic combustion products released into the environment during the fire at the sites of storage of petroleum and its products.

Originality. The methodology of the environmental pollution scoring during fire cases at the sites of storage of petroleum and its products considering weather conditions and combustion products spread.

Practical value. The results are recommended for implementation in the operating practice of storage of petroleum and petroleum products and administrative management at these facilities to provide fire and environmental safety. It may be used by research and design institutions for design of the objects of storage of petroleum and petroleum products and by higher technical schools in educational process in studies of disciplines concerning firefighting and ecology.


1. Руководство по безопасности „Методика оценки риска аварий на опасных производственных объектах неф-тегазоперерабатывающей, нефте- и газохимической промышленности”. Серия 09. / Колл. авт. – М. : Закрытое акционерное общество „Научно-технический центр исследований проблем промышленной безопасности”, 2014. – Выпуск 38. − 44 с.

Safety Guide (2014), “Methods of assessing risk of accidents at hazardous production facilities of oil and gas refining, and oil and gas chemical industries”, Series 09. Issue 38, Coll. Auth., Closed Joint Stock Company “Scientific and Technical Research Center of Industrial Safety”, Moscow, Russia.

2. Інструкція щодо гасіння пожеж у резервуарах із нафтою та нафтопродуктами: НАПБ 05.035-2004 / затверджена наказом МНС України від 16.02.2004 № 75.

Instructions on fire extinguishing in tanks with oil and petroleum products: NAPB 05.035-2004 approved by Ministry of Emergency Situation of Ukraine, Order no. 75, valid since February 16, 2004.

3. Свиридов В.А. Деякі проблемні питання системи протипожежного захисту нафтопереробних підприємств [Електронний ресурс] / В. А. Свиридов, В.В. Присяжнюк, С.Д. Кухарішин, М.Л. Якіменко – Режим доступу : http://www.undicz.mns.gov.ua/news /162.html.

Sviridov, V.A. (1994), “Some problem areas of the system of fire protection refineries”, available at: http://www.undicz.mns.gov.ua/news/162.html.

4. Рекомендации по обеспечению пожарной безопасности объектов нефтепродуктообеспечения, расположенных на селитебной территории [Електронный ресурс]. – М.: ВНИИПО, 1997. – 23 с. Режим  доступа: http://www.gosthelp.ru/text/Rekomendaciipoobespecheni2.html.

Recommendations on fire safety of petroleum products located in residential areas”, (1997), VNIIPO, available at: http://www.gosthelp.ru/text/Rekomendaciipoobespecheni2.html.

5. Пархоменко Р.В. Пожежна тактика: Практикум. Вид. 2-ге / Пархоменко Р.В., Болібрух Б.В., Чалий Д.О. – Ка-м’янець-Подільський: ПП „Медобори-2006”, 2013. – 416 с.

Parkhomenko, R.V., Bolibrukh, B.V. and Chalyi, D.O. (2013), Pozharnaya taktika [Fire-Fighting Tactics], PP Medobory 2006”, Kamyanets-Podolskiy, Ukraine.

6. Пузач С.В. Методы расчета тепломассообмена при пожаре в помещении и их применение при решении практических задач пожаровзрывобезопасности : монография / Пузач С.В. М.: Академия ГПС МЧС России, 2005. – 336 с.

Puzach, S.V. (2005), Metody rascheta teplomassoobmena pri pozhare v pomeshchenii i ikh primeneniye pri reshenii prakticheskikh zadach pozharovzryvobezopasnosti [Methods of Calculation of Heat Transfer in a Fire Inside Buildings and Application of the Methods for Solving Practical Problems of Fire-Explosion Safety], Monograph, Academy of Russian Ministry for Emergency Situations, Moscow, Russia.

7. Система подслойного тушения пожаров в резервуарах с легковоспламеняющимися жидкостями [Електронный ресурс]. – НПО „Сибирский машиностроитель”, 2014. – 19 с. – Режим доступа:  http://pojkom.spb. ru/pdf/8-sistemi-podsloynogo-pozharotusheniya.pdf.

ASPI PozhKomplekt Website, “Sublayer fire extinguishing system in the tanks with flammable liquids”, (2014), available at: http://pojkom.spb.ru/pdf/8-sistemi-podsloynogo-pozharotusheniya.pdf.

8. Система подслойного пожаротушения [Електронный ресурс]Режим доступа: http://www.himstalcon.ru/node /2157.


OOO Khimstalkon-Inzhiniring Website, “Subsurface fire system”, available at: http://www.himstalcon.ru/node/ 2157.

Date 2016-02-03 Filesize 473.3 KB Download 624


This Month
All days

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.


D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by issue 2015 Contents No.5 2015 Environmental safety, labour protection Emission of toxic combustion products caused by fire at storages of crude oil and petroleum products