Eco-friendly biosorbent based on local raw material: application to dye removal

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Authors:


Z.Graba, orcid.org/0000-0002-6047-8933, University of Bejaia, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Laboratory of Materials Technology and Process Engineering (­LTMGP), Bejaia, Algeria

F.Ait Merzeg*2,3,4, orcid.org/0000-0003-1370-5977, Scientific and Technical Research Center in Physical and Chemical Analyses, Tipaza, Algeria; Research Unit in Physico-Chemical Analyzes of Fluids and Soils, Algiers, Algeria; Technical Platform for Physico-chemical Analyzes, Bejaia, Algeria

I.Akkari, orcid.org/0000-0003-1705-3910, University of Bejaia, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Laboratory of Materials Technology and Process Engineering (­LTMGP), Bejaia, Algeria

Y.Tiliouine, orcid.org/0009-0001-8473-7864, University of Bejaia, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Laboratory of Materials Technology and Process Engineering (­LTMGP), Bejaia, Algeria

M.M.Kaci, orcid.org/0000-0003-1863-0919, Laboratory of Reaction Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical and Process Engineering, Algiers, Algeria

K.Bachari, orcid.org/0000-0003-0624-8480, Scientific and Technical Research Center in Physical and Chemical Analyses, Tipaza, Algeria

* Corresponding author e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2024, (2): 120 - 125

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2024-2/120



Abstract:



Purpose.
A leading cause of water contamination is the widespread use of dyes, which are consumed in large amounts. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the potential of the Cactus paddle (CP) as an environmentally safe biosorbent for removing Basic Red 46 dye from aqueous media.


Methodology.
Various analytical tools, comprising XRF, XRD, BET/BJH, FTIR, and pHPZC methods, were used to examine the surface characteristics of the biosorbent. For assessing the ability of CP for BR46 adsorption, batch adsorption assays were performed.


Findings.
An amount of 3.45 mg · g-1 of BR46 was adsorbed at pH 7, 500 rpm and 293 K within 180 minutes. The isothermal data was described by both the Freundlich and the Langmuir equations with R2  0.984 and 2  0.01. The kinetics was well described by a PSO model, suggesting that physico-chemical interactions govern the adsorption process.


Originality.
For the first time, the effective use of a local raw material resource CP as a biosorbent for the removal of BR46 dye has been substantiated.


Practical value.
As a result of the findings of this study, it seems possible that CP can be regarded as a sustainable resource, which would create a possibility for addressing environmental concerns in the future.



Keywords:
biosorbent Cactus paddle, adsorption, basic Red 46 dye

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
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Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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