Perspectives of load management in energy system with the help of electric vehicles

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Authors:

Yu.V.Khatskevych, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof., National Mining University, Associate Professor of the Department of Power Supply System, Dnipro, Ukraine.

I.M.Lutsenko, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof., National Mining University, Associate Professor of the Department of Power Supply System, Dnipro, Ukraine.

A.V.Rukhlov, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof., National Mining University, Associate Professor of the Department of Power Supply System, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Purpose. Determination of expediency of the use of electric vehicles as load-regulators on the basis of analysis of load diagrams and existing energy tariffs for Ukraine and some European countries; definition of the main technical requirements for implementation of the regulation.

Methodology. Analysis of the actual load diagrams for national energy systems of Ukraine and European countries. Development of principal schemes and decisions for implementation of electric vehicles into the power supply system of Ukraine.

Findings. Expediency and prospects of the use of electric vehicles as load-regulators in the nets 0.4 kV of suburban areas in Ukraine are substantiated. Methodology for selecting appropriate capacity and location for charging/generating stations is proposed. It is shown that development and implementation of financial stimulation tools for owners of electric cars to rationalize connections of the vehicles to the greed will contribute to increasing quantity of electric cars, improving efficiency of national power supply system operation and enhancing of ecological state in the country.

Originality. New methodology approaches to modernization of power supply system of Ukraine in order to use electric vehicles as load-regulators are developed.

Practical value. Economical expediency of the use of electric cars as load-regulators is substantiated both for energy system and for car owners. Schemes of electric vehicles connection for generation of power to the greed are proposed and analyzed.

References:

1. ISO Standards. ICS 43.120. “Electric road vehicles” [online]. Available at: <http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue /catalogue_ics/catalogue_ics_browse.htm?ICS1=43&ICS2=120> [Accessed 5 December 2016].

2. Hu, Z., Song, Y. and Xu, Z., 2014. Hierarchical Coordinated Control-Strategies for Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging. In: Rajakaruna, S., Shahnia, F. and Ghosh, A., eds., 2014. Plug In Electric Vehicles in Smart Grids. Springer: Power Systems, Ch. 3, pp. 55‒87.

3. Vardakas, J. S., Zorba, N. and Verikoukis, C. V., 2015. A Survey on Demand Response Programs in Smart Grids: Pricing Methods and Optimization Algorithms. IEEE Communication Surveys and Tutorials, 17(1), pp. 152‒178.

4. Robinson, A. P., Blythe, P. T., Bell, M. C., Hübner, Y. and Hill, G. A., 2013. Analysis of electric vehicle driver recharging demand profiles and subsequent impacts on the carbon content of electric vehicle trips. Energy Policy, 61, pp. 337–348.

5. Project report, 2013. Demand management of electric vehicle charging using Victoria’s Smart Grid [pdf]. Available at: <http://percepscion.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2014/01/Demand-management-of-EV-charging-using-Victorias-Smart-Grid_May-2013.pdf> [Accessed 11 December 2016].

6. Mets, K., Verschueren, T., Turck, F. and Develder, C., 2011. Exploiting V2G to optimize residential energy consumption with electrical vehicle (dis)charging. In: 2011 IEEE First International Workshop on Smart Grid Modeling and Simulation (SGMS), 17 October 2011 [pdf]. Available at: <http://users.atlantis.ugent.be/cdvelder/papers/2011/mets2011sgms.pdf> [Accessed 7 December 2016].

7. Slipchenko, N. I, Pismenetskiy, V. A., Gurtovoy, M. Yu. and Makhlova, V. O., 2013. Determination of run optimum distance for electric vehicle taking into account its basic parameters, Vostochno-Yevropeyskiy zschurnal peredovykh tekhnologiy, 4, pp. 50‒55.

8. Kara, E. C., Macdonald, J. S., Black, D., Bérges, M., Hug, G. and Kiliccote, S., 2015. Estimating the Benefits of Electric Vehicle Smart Charging at Non-Residential Locations: A Data-Driven Approach. Applied Energy, 155, pp. 515‒525.

9. Godina, R., Rodrigues, E., Matias, J. and Catalão, J., 2015. Effect of Loads and Other Key Factors on Oil-Transformer Ageing: Sustainability Benefits and Challenges. Energies, 8, pp. 12147-12186 [pdf]. Available at: <http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/8/10/ 12147/pdf/> [Accessed 3 December 2016].

10. Global EV Outlook, 2016. Beyond one million electric cars [pdf]. Available at: <https://www.iea.org/ publications/freepublications/publication/Global_EV_Outlook_2016.pdf> Available at: <http://www.mdpi.com/19961073/8/10/12147/pdf/> [Accessed 3 December 2016].

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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