Formation of water-physical properties of soil in recultivated areas

User Rating:  / 0


O.H. Iziumova, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Zhytomyr State Technological University, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Mining Faculty, Zhytomyr, Ukraine.


Purpose. To study the physical processes of formation of physical and water-physical properties of sod-podzolic soil in the areas reclaimed after mining developments for practical measures on full implementation of the ecosystem functions of soil under technogenesis conditions.

Methodology. The methodological basis of research was the concept of environmental monitoring. Conventional methods in ecology, field and laboratory ones, were used for the research. In the field studies, the methods of comparative analogy with regional control were used. The laboratory tests were conducted in accordance with generally accepted in soil science certified and standardized methods.

Findings. Under natural soil conditions, a 30-year period after the remediation is insufficient to restore the evolutionary balanced parameters of physical structure of the soil. The residual effects of its physical abuse appear to change the density compilation, porosity and, consequently, the quantitative characteristics of water-physical constants and forms of soil moisture reserves.

Originality. For the areas reclaimed after opencast mines, the time and quantitative parameters of forming the physical structure and water-physical constants of disturbed soil by natural soil conditions were first established. The possible scenarios for forming stocks of productive moisture in the plow layer of soil were shown.

Practical value. The regularities of forming agrophysical soil properties can be used by mining companies to justify the technical specifications of the restoration of land after opencast mines and by farms to develop measures aimed at regulating elements of disturbed soil fertility and improvement of technological schemes of growing crops on the reclaimed areas.


1. Bakka, М.Т., Humeniuk, І.L. and Redchyts, V.S., 2004. Ekologiia girnychogo vyrobnytstva [Ecology of mining production]. Zhytomyr: ZhDTU.

Бакка М.Т. Екологія гірничого виробництва / Бакка М.Т., Гуменюк І.Л., Редчиць В.С. Житомир: ЖДТУ, 2004.- 307 с.

2. Panas, R.М., 2007. Rekultyvatsiia zemel [Reclamation of lands]. Lviv: Novyi Svit-2000.

Панас Р.М. Рекультивація земель / Панас Р.М.Львів: Новий Світ-2000, 2007. – 223 с.

3. Rode, А.А., 2008. Izbrannye trudy. T.3. Osnovy ucheniia o pochvennoi vlage [Selected works. Т.3. Basics of studies on soil moist]. Moscow: Pochvennyi in-t im. V.V. Dokychaeva.

Роде А.А. Избранные труды. Т.3. Основы учения о почвенной влаге / Роде А.А.М.: Почвенный ин-т им. В.В. Докучаева, 2008. – 664 с.

4. Ryzhuk, S.М. and Sliusar, І.Т., 2006. Agroekologichni osnovy efektyvnogo vykorystannia osushuvanyh gruntiv Polissia i Lisostepu [Agrarian and ecological basics of effective application of dried soils of Polissia and Forest-Steppe regions of Ukraine], Kyiv: Agrarna nauka.

Рижук С.М. Агроекологічні основи ефективного ви-користання осушуваних ґрунтів Полісся і Лісостепу України / С.М. Рижук, І.Т. Слюсар – К.: Аграрна наука, 2006. – 424 с.

5. Velychko, V.А., 2005. The role of granule metric content of fertility of soils of Polissia region. Visnyk Poltavskoi Derzhavnoi Agrarnoi Akademii, 4(39), pp. 42–46.

Величко В.А. Роль гранулометричного складу в родючості фонових ґрунтів Полісся / В.А. Величко // Вісник Полтавської державної аграрної академії. – 2005. – № 4 (39). – С. 42–46.

6. Prymak, I.D. ed., 2010. Ekologichni problemy zemlerobstva [Ecological Issues of Farming]. Kyiv: Tsentr Uchbovoi Literatury.

Екологічні проблеми землеробства / під ред. Примака І.Д.  – К.: Центр учбової літератури, 2010. – 456 с.

7. Patyka, G.O. and Tarariko, О.G., 2002. Ahroekolohichnyi monitorynh ta pasportyzatsiia silsko-hospodarskykh zemel [Agrarian and ecological monitoring and certification of agricultural lands], Kyiv: Fitosotsiotsentr.

Агроекологічний моніторинг та паспортизація сільськогосподарських земель / під. ред. О.Г. Патика, О.Г. Тараріко К.: Фітосоціоцентр, 2002. – 296 c.


Date 2016-04-02 Filesize 496.62 KB Download 727


This Month
All days

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.


D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by issue 2016 Contents No.1 2016 Environmental safety, labour protection Formation of water-physical properties of soil in recultivated areas