Development of a checklist for improvement of tailings safety

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I.O. Nikolaieva, Innovation Center “Eсosystem”, leading eco-auditor, Kiev, Ukraine

D.V. Rudakov, Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., State Higher Educational Institution “National Mining University”, Chair and Professor of Department of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine


Purpose. Justification and development of the Checklist concept applied for assessment and improvement of tailings management facilities (TMFs) safety.

Methodology. To develop the Checklist for tailings we used the test question method that allows evaluating all the important aspects of TMF safe operation. This document includes questionnaires with standardized options of answers and a special procedure for overall and differential (categorial) evaluation of TMF safety level.

Findings. The structure and procedure for applying the TMF Checklist have been designed. It includes questionnaires for prompt (basic) and detailed evaluation of the safety level of such facilities, their ongoing monitoring, and evaluation of abandoned TMFs. The method developed is able to quantify the TMF safety level regarding credibility of the information available. The Checklist includes the catalogue of measures recommended to remedy inconsistencies with safety requirements discovered during an inspection.

Originality. For the first time, we have developed a holistic approach to the evaluation of the safety of tailings as hazardous facilities as well as the detailed algorithm of their audit. This includes the answers to Checklist questions, their quantitative assessment and prescription of the most powerful solutions in the Measure Catalogue.

Practical value. The Checklist may be useful for state environmental and emergency inspectors, eco-auditors and TMF operators as a tool to assess the safety level and take protective and preventive measures at the tailings. The Measure Catalogue of the Checklist contains a list of actions based on the international best practices in mining and rehabilitation technologies. The Checklist designed is featured as the spreadsheet with hyperlinks, which facilitates its practical use.


1. Safety Guidelines and Good Practices for Tailing Management Facilities, (2014), UNECE.

2. Reference Document on Best Available Techniques for the management of tailings and waste-rock in mining activities, (2004), Joint Research Center of EU Commission.

3. Peck, P.C. (2005), “Mining for Closure: Policies and Guidelines for Sustainable Mining Practice and Closure of Mines”, UNEP, UNDP, OSCE, NATO, Geneva.

4. Checklisten für Untersuchung und Beurteilung des Zustandes von Anlagen mit wassergefährdeten Stoffen und Zubereitungen, (2006), Umweltbundesamt Deutschland.

5. Tailings Management. Leading Practice Sustainable Development Program for the Mining Industry, (2007), Australian Government Department of Industry, Tourism, and Resources.

6. “Sectoral Checklist for preparation and inspection of a safety report. UNECE convention on the transboundary effects of industrial accidents & the EU Directive 96/82/EC (SEVESO II) by a consistent Checklist system”, (2007), Federal Ministry for the environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety of Germany, Umweltbundesamt, UNECE Convention on Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents.

7. Developing an Operation, Maintenance and Surveillance Manual for Tailings and Water Management Facilities, (2011), The Mining Association of Canada.

8. State Construction Regulation of Ukraine B.2.4-5:2012. Tailing pits and sludge stores, (2012), Ministry of regional development of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine.

ДБН України B.2.4-5:2012. Хвостосховища та шламонакопичувачі. Міністерство регіонального розвитку України. – К., 2012. – 71 с.


Date 2015-10-10 Filesize 488.28 KB Download 781


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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.


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