Autonomous power supply of the objects based on biosolid oxide fuel systems

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Authors:

O.S. Beshta, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Professor, State Higher Educational Institution “National Mining University”, Vice Rector for Scientific Afairs, Head of the Department of Electric Drive, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.

V.S. Fedoreiko, Academician of the Academy of Economics, Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Professor, V. Hnatiuk Ternopil National Pedagogical University, Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Transport, Ternopil, Ukraine.

A.O. Palchyk, Cand. Sci. (Tech.), V. Hnatiuk Ternopil National Pedagogical University, Assistant Lecturer of the Department of Computer Technology, Ternopil, Ukraine.

N.V. Burega, V. Hnatiuk Ternopil National Pedagogical University, Postgraduate, Ternopil, Ukraine.

Abstract:

Purpose. The research established a scientific rationale of the possibility of microbiotehnology implementation in autonomous power supply systems that are based on solid oxide fuel cell to provide the renewable energy supply intensification and to reduce greenhouse gases emission.

Methodology. The research of the process of guaranteed power supply was based on the laws of conservation of mass, electrical engineering and electrochemistry; on the biological processes of photosynthesis and anaerobic fermentation using the data obtained from simulation techniques and physical modeling.

Findings. The biological characteristics of microalgae, the prospects of its use, and construction of industrial cylindrical flat fotobioreactors for its cultivation were considered. Current state of autonomous power supply systems and their features were investigated. The prospects of anaerobic fermenters of solid oxide fuel cells were analyzed. The performance of the electrotechnological simulation model of autonomous energy supply based on fuel cells and alternative energy sources was also analyzed, and the ways of modernization of the energy characteristics were established. The scheme of tubular fotobioreactors with the possibility of internal illumination and primary filtration system and the technological scheme of an autonomous facility energy supply based on a wind turbine, solid oxide fuel cells, and fotoanaerobic bioreactor were proposed.

Originality. The research considered the expediency of use of biological technologies, anaerobic fermentation and photosynthesis, in the energy complex of autonomous power supply systems based on fuel cells for selection and accumulation of energy from renewable sources, and for waste and carbon dioxide disposal.

Practical value. The structural and technological schemes of an autonomous facility energy supply using solar energy, wind flow, solid oxide fuel cells and fotoanae-robic bioreactors have been designed.

References:

1. Demirbas, A. and Demirbas, M.F. (2010), “Algae Energy. Algae as a New Source of Biodiesel”, Springer-Verlag London Limited, p. 204.

2. Thompson, R.W. and Advisor, M. (2010), “Algae Biodiesel”, An Interactive Qualifying Project Report submitteв to the Faculty of Worcester Polytechnic Institute, pp. 13–15.

3. Strasser, K. (1990), “An investigation on the performance optimization of an alkaline fuel cell”, Journal of Power Sources, pp. 152–153.

4. Sierra, E., Acien, F.G., Fernande, J.M., Garcıa, J.L. and Gonzalez, C. (2008), “Characterization of a flat plate photobioreactor for the production of microalgae”, Chemical Engineering Journal, no.138, Almerıa, Spain, pp. 136–147.

5. Пальчик А. О. Використання фотобіореактора в альтернативних системах енергозабезпечення / А.О. Пальчик, Н. В. Бурега // Праці Таврійського державного агротехнологічного університету. – 2013. – Вип. 13. – Т. 5. – С. 41–47.

Palchyk, A.O. and Burega, N.V. (2013), “Use of fotobioreaktor in alternative system of energy”, Pratsi Tavriiskoho Derzhavnoho Ahrotekhnolohichnoho Universytetu, vol.13, no. 5, pp. 41–47.

6. Биогаз на основе возобновляемого сырья. Сравнительный анализ шестидесяти одной установки по производству биогаза в Германии / Г. Бурга, К. Ригер, П. Вайланд, Й. Шредер // Публикация cпециального агентства возобновляемых ресурсов. – 2010. – Изд. 1.– С.8–35.

Burga, G., Ryger, K., Vajland, P. and Shreder, J. (2010), “Biogas is based on renewable raw materials. Comparative analysis of sixty-one biogas plants in Germany”, Publykatsyya Spetsyalnogo Agentstva Vozobnovlyayemykh Resursov, no. 1, pp. 8–35.

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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