Atypical graphite occurrences in zavallya field

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V.M. Zagnitko, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Faculty of Geology, Kyiv, Ukraine.

N.M. Lyzhachenko, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Postgraduate Student, Kyiv, Ukraine.

S.I. Kurylo, Postgraduate Student, Senior Research Fellow of the M.P. Semenenko Institute of Geochemistry Mineralogy and Ore Formation of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine


Purpose. To give a comprehensive description and evaluation of graphite-tremolite metasomatites’ formation conditions based on mineralogical and petrographic, isotopic and analytical data.

Methodology. We have carried out the petrographic study for a continuous series of thin sections that represent completely the facies of the core-sample and determined the isotopic composition of the graphitic carbon from central part of the metasomatite. We have determined the macro-component content (silicate analysis) by means of X-ray fluorescence method with wave dispersion and concentrations of impurity elements by means of energodispersive X-ray fluorescence method, and have carried out the study of the chemical composition of individual minerals by electron microscope. These analytical studies have been conducted in the laboratory for mineralogical and geochemical studies of the geological faculty of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv and the laboratory of M.P. Semenenko Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation of National Academy of Science of Ukraine.

Findings. Based on comprehensive studies we have found out that graphite-tremolite metasomatites was formed from calciphyre under the influence of high temperature aqueous solutions of silicon. The appearance of graphite in the central zone is associated with the process of decarbonization of primary silicate-carbonate material.

Originality. Zavallya graphite field is limited mostly to the gneiss rocks formed by primary sedimentary organic matter. We present the study of uncharacteristic manifestations of graphite on the basis of isotopic data analysis and describe the most feasible way of its formation.

Practical value. The results will be of practical use in further study and development of graphite metamorphosed strata of the Ukrainian shield.




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Date 2014-07-24 Filesize 806.23 KB Download 372


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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
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