Improvement of the method of danger class definition of coal-mining solid wastes

User Rating:  / 0
PoorBest 

Authors:

Ye.A. Borisovskaya, Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Professor, State Higher Educational Institution “National Mining University”, Senior Lecturer of the Ecology Department, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine

V.V. Fedotov, State Higher Educational Institution “National Mining University”, Assistant Lecturer of the Ecology Department, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine

Abstract:

Purpose. To analyse the methodology for determining the danger class of industrial wastes and to find alternative approaches to determination of the environment danger degree of mine wastes.

Methodology. Definition of danger class of mine wastes was carried out by calculation according to standard procedureby State Sanitary Rules and Norms no.2.2.7.029-99 and “Criteria for classification of wastes by environment danger class.”

Findings. The normative method of determining the danger class of industrial wastes was investigated; its main drawbacks were identified. The danger class of mine wastes was fixed by the statutory procedure. Inconsistencies between the wastes danger class calculated and their actual level of environment danger were identified. This inconsistency arises from the calculation of the hazard class of coal-mining solid wastes by this method and leads to underestimation of the amounts of the environmental tax. The danger class for the same mine wastes was calculated by the alternative method. The article presents the comparative characteristic of the regulatory and alternative methods. We have suggested the way of improvement of the method for determination of the industrial wastes danger degree.

Originality. We have proposed and substantiatedtransition from sanitary to ecological standardization. It will allow us to exclude the discrepancies in the results of the calculation for the same wastes and to prevent violations of the requirements for handling hazardous wastes.

Practical Implementation. The way of improvement of the regulatory procedure for determination of waste hazard class proposed in this work will improve the accuracy of the procedure and will prevent the understatement of ecological tax amounts for coal-mining wastes disposal in the environment.

References:

1. Національна доповідь про стан навколишнього природного середовища в Україні у 2009 році. – К. : Центр екологічної освіти та інформації, 2011. – 383 с.

Natsіonalna dopovіd pro stan navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha v Ukrainі u 2009 rotsі [National Report on the Environment Statusof Ukraine in 2009], (2011), Tsentr ekologіchnoi osvіty ta іnformatsii, Kyiv, Ukraine.

2. Перов М.О. Вплив техногенних навантажень вугільної промисловості на довкілля / М.О. Перов, В.М. Макаров // Науковий вісник НГУ. – 2010. − №78. –С.99−103.

Perov, M.O. and Makarov, V.M. (2010), “Impact of anthropogenic load of coal mining on environment”, Naukovyi Vicnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, no. 7−8, pp. 99−103.

3. Перелік постанов головного державного санітарного лікаря України: Публікації: МОЗ України [Електронний ресурс] – Режим доступу: www.moz.gov.ua/ua/portal/dli_postsanepid.html

List of resolutions of Chief State Sanitary Doctor of Ukraine: Publications: Ministry of Public Health of Ukraine, (2013), available at:www.moz.gov.ua/ua/portal/dli_post-sanepid.html (accessed July 3, 2013).

4. Податковий кодекс України // Відомості Верховної Ради України (ВВР). – 2011.− № 13−14, № 15−16, № 17.− ст.112.

TaxCodeofUkraine”, Vіdomostі Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy (VVR), no. 13−14, no. 15−16, no. 17., st.112.

5. Получение металлов из терриконов угольных шахт Донбасса: моногр. / Л.Г. Зубова, А.Р. Зубов,  К.И. Верех-Белоусова, Н.В. Олейник. – Луганск: изд-во ВНУ им. В.Даля, 2012. – 144с.

Zubova, L.G., Zubov, A.R., Verekh-Belousova, K.I. and Oleinik, N.V. (2012), Poluchenie metallov iz terrikonov ugolnykh shakht Donbassa [Production of  Metals from the Waste Piles of Donbass Coal Mines], VNU im. V. Dalya, Lugansk, Ukraine.

6. Матвеева Н.Г. Возможность применения мирового опыта в переработке породы отвалов угледобывающей промышленности в угольных регионах Донбасса / Н.Г. Матвеева // Зб. наук. праць Східноукраїнського нац. ун-ту ім. В. Даля.; розд. Екологія.– 2007. − №1.− С. 35−40.

Matveeva, N.G. (2007), “The possibility of application of international experience in the processing of rock dumps of coal mining-processing industry in the Donbass coal region”, Ekologіya. Zb. nauk. prats Skhіdnoukrainskogo nats. un-tu іm. V. Dalya, no.1, pp.35−40.

7. Зубова Л.Г. Терриконы, их утилизация и рекультивация: моногр. / Зубова Л.Г. – Луганск: изд-во ВНУ им.В. Даля, 2008. – 80с.

Zubova, L.G. (2008), Terrikony, ikhutilizatsiyairekultivatsiya [Waste Heaps, Their Utilization and Reclamation], VNUim.V. Dalya, Lugansk, Ukraine.

8. Олейник Н.В. Новый способ утилизации отвальной породы угольных шахт / Н.В. Олейник // Зб. наук. праць Східноукраїнського нац. ун-ту ім. В. Даля; розд.Екологія.– 2007. − № 1.− С. 78−86.

Oleinik, N.V. (2007), “A new ways of utilization of coal mines overburden”, Ekologіya. Zb. nauk. prats Skhіdnoukrainskogo nats. un-tu іm. V. Dalya, no.1, pp.78−86.

9. Силин А. А. Экологические последствия структурно-вещественных преобразований отвальных пород терриконов / А.А. Силин, С.Г. Выборов, Ю.А. Проскурня // Сборник научных трудов НГУ.–  Днепропетровск, 2010. – №35. – С. 4147.

Silin, A.A., Vyborov, S.G. and Proskurnya, Yu.A. (2010), “Environmental effects of structural and material transformations of overburden waste piles”, Sbornik nauchnykh trudov NGU, no. 35, pp. 41−47.

10. Официальный сайт Министерства природных ресурсов и экологии Российской Федерации − Документы [Электронный ресурс] – Режим доступа: www.mnr.gov.ru/regulatory.

The official website of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation – Documents (2013), available at: www.mnr.gov.ru/regulatory/ (accessed July 3, 2013).

 

Files:
2014_3_borisovskaya
Date 2014-07-08 Filesize 417.9 KB Download 808

Visitors

3230037
Today
This Month
All days
345
16640
3230037

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by field of science Ecology Improvement of the method of danger class definition of coal-mining solid wastes