Geological and economic risk assessment for territories of hazardous geological and technogenic processes (exemplified by Solotvyno township)

User Rating:  / 0
PoorBest 

Authors:


S.B.Shekhunova, orcid.org/0000-0002-5975-3491, Institute of Geological Sciences, the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

T.V.Kril, orcid.org/0000-0002-4324-9231, Institute of Geological Sciences, the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2022, (2): 079 - 085

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2022-2/079



Abstract:



Purpose.
Assessing the risks of economic and social losses caused by the activization of hazardous natural geological and technogenic processes to establish the hazards of living in post-mining areas, with a view to developing strategies for their amelioration.


Methodology.
Field observations were carried out to determine the state of the geological environment of the territory and individual engineering objects. The assessment of the territory stability was done relying on the mechanical and mathematical basics of engineering geology in conjunction with the approaches of system analysis and the theory of engineering and geological similarity. Methods of probability theory and mathematical statistics were used for the expert assessment and risk analysis. Cartographic materials were compiled using GIS and digital simulation methods implemented on the example of Solotvyno township. As the source material, the GIS database (geological, engineering-geological, hydrogeological, and so on), compiled at the Institute of Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine for the territory of Solotvyno, was used alongside with the works assessing the occurrence of natural as well as man-induced processes.


Findings.
It has been established that the most dangerous geological and technogenic hazards on the territory examined are karst-suffusion processes, whose probability in the central part of the territory is 1. At the object level, the economic risk (4.35 10-3 thousand UAH/m2 year) has been estimated, which shows the need for protective engineering measures due to an individual risk (5.86 10-4 people/person year). This is a significant value as compared with the average one for the territory of Ukraine. Integrated and differentiated economic risks have been calculated for the territory of Solotvyno, with the distribution of risks visualized on schematic maps.


Originality.
The scheme for assessing the risk of hazardous geological and technogenic processes on the post-mining territory has been developed. The combined use of differentiated and integrated assessments of economic risks at the locality and object levels would optimize managerial decisions on protection against geological hazards and would permit the development of a high-quality system for settlement monitoring.


Practical value.
The implementation of the S&T results obtained will enhance the efficiency of the monitoring and engineering protection systems developed for the territories with the possible occurrence of major emergencies.



Keywords:
karst-suffusion processes, landslides, post-mining territory, probability, risk

References.


1. Grokholskiy, N.S. (2013). A method of determining the cumulative risk of exogenous geological. Georisk, (2), 46-47. Retrieved from http://www.geomark.ru/journals_list/zhurnal-georisk-22013/?attach=2066.

2. EU general risk assessment methodology (Action 5 of Multi-Annual Action Plan for the surveillance of products in the EU (COM(2013)76) (n.d.). Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/docsroom/documents/17107/attachments/1/translations/en/renditions/native.

3. Rudko, G.I., Adamenko, O.M., & Mishchenko, L.V. (2017). Strategic ecological assessment and forecast of the state of the environment of the Western region of Ukraine. Vol. 1. Retrieved from https://www.dkz.gov.ua/ua/113-strategichna-ekologichna-otsinka-ta-prognoz-stanu-dovkillya.

4. Sahar Safaie (Ed.) (2017). National Disaster Risk Assessment. UNISDR. Retrieved from http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/Words%20into%20Action%20guidelines.pdf.

5. Girgin, S., Amos Necci, A., & Krausmann, E. (2019). Dealing with cascading multi-hazard risks in national risk assessment: The case of Natech accidents. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101072.

6. Shekhunova, S.B., Aleksieienkova, M.V., Kril, T.V., Stadnichenko, S.M., & Siumar, N.P. (2020). Natural and man-induced landslides formation factors within the Tysa-Apshytsia interfluve (Transcarpathia, Ukraine). Conference Proceedings, Second EAGE Workshop on Assessment of Landslide Hazards and impact on communities, 2020, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.3997/2214-4609.202055018.

7. Public cadastral map of Ukraine (n.d.). Retrieved from https://map.land.gov.ua/kadastrova-karta.

8. On approval of the Procedure for classification of emergencies according to their levels: Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, 24.03.2004, No. 368 (n.d.). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/368-2004-%D0%BF#Text.

9. EUCPT Risk Assessment Report: Solotvyno salt mine area. Advisory Mission to Ukraine. Union Civil Protection Mechanism (2016). Retrieved from https://waterquality.danube-region.eu/wp-content/uploads/sites/13/sites/13/2019/09/Solotvino_Scoping-Mission_Sept-2017_Executive-Summary-Final_New-1.pdf.

10. Shekhunova, S.B., Aleksieienkova, M.V., Meijer, S.D., Stadnichenko, S.M., & Yakovlev, E.O. (2019). Monitoring of hazardous geological processes as a tool for risks minimization on post-mining areas in Solotvyno (Transcarpathian region, Ukraine). Conference Proceedings, Monitoring 2019, 2019. https://doi.org/10.3997/2214-4609.201903197.

11. Stoeckl, L., Banks, V., Shekhunova, S., & Yakovlev, Y. (2020). The hydrogeological situation after salt-mine collapses at Solotvyno, Ukraine. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 30. 100701. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrh.2020.100701.

12. Hakan Akcin (2021). A GIS-based building risk assessment for the subsidence due to under city coal mining activities in Zonguldak, Turkey. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 14, 376. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-021-06702-6.

13. Kril, T., & Shekhunova, S. (2019). Terrain elevation changes by radar satellite images interpretation as a component of geo-environmental monitoring. 13th International Conference on Monitoring of Geological Processes and Ecological Condition of the Environment. https://doi.org/10.3997/2214-4609.201903176.

14. Velasco, V., Sanchez, C., Papoutsis, I., Antoniadi, S., Kontoes,C., Aifantopoulou, D., & Paralykidis, S. (2017). Ground deformation mapping and monitoring of salt mines using InSAR technology. SMRI Fall 2017 Technical Conference. Retrieved from https://site.tre-altamira.com/wp-content/uploads/2017_SMRI_Salt-Mines_-ground-deformation-mapping_InSAR_Velasco-et-al.pdf.

15. About approval of the Concept of management of risks of emergence of emergencies of technogenic and natural character: the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, 22.01.2014, No. 37-. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/37-2014-%D1%80#n8.

16. DBN .1.2-14:2018. System to ensure the reliability and safety of construction sites. General principles for reliability and constructive safety ensuring of buildings and civil engineering works (2015). Retrieved from https://www.minregion.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/V1214-2018.pdf.

17. Information and analytical report on emergencies in Ukraine (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.dsns.gov.ua/ua/Dovidka-za-kvartal/87968.html.

18. Reference book of indexes of normative money estimation of agricultural lands in Ukraine by the state on 01.01.2019 (n.d.). Retrieved from https://land.gov.ua/info/dovidnyk-pokaznykiv-normatyvnoi-hroshovoi-otsinky-silskohospodarskykh-uhid-v-ukraini-stanom-na-01-01-2019/.

19. On the introduction of a reformed pricing system in construction: an order. State Committee for Construction, Architecture and Housing Policy of Ukraine, 19.10.2000, No. 233 (n.d.). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/rada/show/v0233241-00#Text.

20. DSTU B D.2.4-2:2012. Resource element estimates for repair and construction work. Foundations (Collection 2) (2013). Retrieved from https://dnaop.com/html/60889/doc-%D0%94%D0%A1%D0%A2%D0%A3_%D0%91_%D0%94.2.4-2_2012.

 

Visitors

4529630
Today
This Month
All days
232
65403
4529630

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Publication ethics EngCat Archive 2022 Content №2 2022 Geological and economic risk assessment for territories of hazardous geological and technogenic processes (exemplified by Solotvyno township)