Experimental study on an overhead crane passing a rail track joint

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Authors:


N.M.Fidrovska, orcid.org/0000-0002-5248-273X, Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.V.Chernyshenko, orcid.org/0000-0003-3255-1088, Ukrainian Engineering Pedagogics Academy, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

I.A. Perevoznyk, orcid.org/0000-0002-4278-523X, Kharkiv State Automobile and Highway College, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2021, (1): 098 - 102

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2021-1/098



Abstract:



Purpose. To confirm the theoretical conclusions that determining the load from the wheel impact with the joint of rails in the metal structures of overhead cranes used in the technological processes at ore mining and processing mills and integrated works and moving along the rail tracks requires that the dynamic magnification factor should take into account the trolley position.


Methodology. To assess the load to which the crane metal structures are exposed the electric strain measurement method using direct bridge circuit was chosen. To calibrate the strain measurement system, the direct method was used, under which calibration is performed directly on the structure on which experimental studies will be carried out in the future.


Findings. It was established that the dynamic magnification factor in the metal structure of the overhead crane had the following values when passing the last rail joints: 1.54 (with the trolley in the middle of the bridge), 2.46 (with the trolley at 0.25 of the crane span from the end beam), 3.33 (with the trolley in the extreme position). So, with the trolley being at a distance of 0.25 of the crane span from the end beam, the dynamic magnification factor is 74%, and with the trolley in the middle of the bridge, it is 46% of the dynamic magnification factor if the trolley is in its extreme position.


Originality. The scientific novelty consists in the first experimental confirmation of the results obtained in the theoretical studies on the overhead crane passing the joints of the rail track with regard to the crane trolley position, which leads to changes in the stiffness of the main beam in the interval between the trolley and the final beam.


Practical value. The results obtained enable calculations on the crane bridge metal structure during the design and repair of the main and end beams taking into account the value of the dynamic magnification factor, which allows increasing the reliability and durability of the crane metal structure as a whole.



Keywords: overhead crane, rail track joint, dynamic factor, oscillation in the overhead crane beams, impact blow

References.


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2. Slepuzhnikov, E.D. (2015). Determination of dynamic loads when moving a truck crane bridge crane. Mashynobuduvannia, (16), 34-37.

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4. Franchuk, V.P., Ziborov, K.A., Krivda, V.V., & Fedoriachenko, S.O., 2017. On wheel rolling along the rail regime with longitudinal load. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, (3), 62-67.

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6. Fidrovska, N., & Perevoznyk, I. (2017). Dynamic loadings, which occur when the running wheel passes over joint of rail. Engineering: collection of scientific works. Ukrainian Engineering Pedagogical Academy, (20), 67-70.

7. Fidrovska, N., & Perevoznyk, I. (2018). Impact loading at motion of bridge crane. Engineering: collection of scientific works. Ukrainian Engineering Pedagogical Academy, (21), 43-45.

8. Chernyshenko, O., Krasnokutska, T., & Fesenko, H. (2011). Shock loads when the crane moves along the rail track. Bulletin of the National Technical University KhPI collection of scientific works, (54), 30-40.

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Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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