Improvement of concrete and building mortar technology using secondary mineral resources

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Authors:


O.M.Pshinko, orcid.org/0000-0002-1598-2970, Ukrainian State University of Science and Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

T.M.Pavlenko, orcid.org/0000-0003-4325-7562, Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

T.M.Dekhta, orcid.org/0000-0001-5023-3070, Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.V.Hromova, orcid.org/0000-0002-5149-4165, Ukrainian State University of Science and Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.V.Steinbrech, orcid.org/0000-0001-7742-2445, Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2022, (2): 091 - 095

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2022-2/091



Abstract:



Purpose.
Improving the technology of concretes on the basis of secondary mineral resources (waste foundry sand of metallurgical and machine-building industry, ash-and-slag mixes of thermal power plants).


Methodology.
Generally accepted standard methods in the study of the basic properties of raw materials, concrete mixes and concretes are used in the work. The samples were moulded using specially made laboratory vacuum equipment.


Findings.
The study results on the main properties of concretes on the basis of secondary mineral resources confirmed the effectiveness of vibrovacuum technology. For example, the strength of ash-and-slag vacuum concrete is on average higher than the strength of vibrocompacted concrete from a mobile concrete mix by 610 MPa or by 60100% (depending on the cement consumption). Also, high-quality concretes with moderate cement consumption for various types of construction are obtained on the basis of waste foundry sand.


Originality.
Scientific and technical bases of the technology of vibrovacuum concrete on the basis of waste foundry sand and ash-and-slag mixes were developed.


Practical value.
Through the development of the technology of vibrovacuum products based on secondary mineral resources concrete, high-quality concretes (increased strength, frost resistance, etc.) were obtained for road and other types of construction. This technology allows applying the existing technological equipment without fundamental design changes, carrying out immediate dismantling of moulded products, which significantly reduces the metal consumption of the technology.



Keywords:
secondary mineral resources, waste foundry sand (WFS), ash-and-slag mixes, vibrovacuumizing, moulding, concrete

References.


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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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