Mining and geological models of virtual complex ore blocks of the bench

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Authors:


B.R.Rakishev*, orcid.org/0000-0001-5445-070X, Satbayev University, Almaty, the Republic of Kazakhstan, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

* Corresponding author e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2023, (4): 011 - 017

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2023-4/011



Abstract:



Purpose.
Creation of mining and geological models of virtual complex ore blocks of a bench to develop a basic methodology for determining the geological structure of complex structural sections of mineral deposits.


Methodology.
In the scientific and technical substantiation of mining and geological, mining and technical indicators of complex structural blocks in terms of ore saturation and complexity of the morphological structure of blocks of ledges, methods of complex and abstract-logical analysis, synthesis, systematization, the method of theoretical generalization, generalization of information sources and world experience in the field of geoinformation of complex structural deposits, statistical analysis, mathematical modeling, mining and geological modeling of mineral deposits were applied.


Findings.
Mining and geological models of virtual complex structure ore blocks (CSOB) of the bench have been created. The mining and geological characteristics of the blocks are analytically interconnected with the geometric parameters of the scattered ore bodies and the dimensions of the layer of admixed rock or lost ore. They determine the degree of complexity of the geological structure of the CSOB. According to the given sizes and location of disparate solid and dispersed ore bodies of virtual complex structural blocks, the numerical values of the mining and geological characteristics of ore blocks were calculated using the developed method. CSOB are subdivided into more ore-saturated, moderately ore-saturated, less ore-saturated as well as complex structural and more complex structural ones.


Originality.
For the first time in mining, the concepts of “virtual complex-structural ore blocks of a bench” and “mining and geological models of virtual complex-structural ore blocks of a bench” have been introduced. The set of geometrical parameters of the scattered ore bodies of the block and their mining and geological characteristics are presented as mining and geological models of the virtual CSOB of the bench. The developed models make it possible to establish patterns of changes in the mining and geological characteristics of complex ore blocks.


Practical value.
The developed mining and geological models of virtual complex structural blocks serve as the basis for creating mining and geological models of real complex ore blocks, models of CSOB in a blasted state. They will make it possible to develop a methodology for rationing losses and impoverishment of ores for real complex-structural blocks, to choose rational parameters for mining technologies for disparate ore bodies in specific mining and geological conditions, and to expand the use of waste-free, low-waste technologies in the development of complex-structural mineral deposits.



Keywords:
complex-structural ore blocks, ore saturation factor, mining and geological characteristics, models of virtual blocks

References.


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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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