Express bus mode as an alternative way of ­improving the environmental safety of cities

User Rating:  / 0
PoorBest 

Authors:


V.Lytvyn*, orcid.org/0000-0002-1572-9000, Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A.Tazhmuratova, orcid.org/0000-0002-1139-1006, Academy of Logistics and Transport, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

R.Yerezhepkyzy, orcid.org/0000-0002-8903-6098, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

R.Myrzageldiyev, orcid.org/0009-0001-3345-1559, Kazakhstan University of Innovative and Telecommunication Systems, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan Institute of Standardization and Metrology, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

* Corresponding author e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2024, (2): 126 - 132

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2024-2/126



Abstract:



Purpose.
To propose a modern methodological approach to determine the energy efficiency of passenger transportation by city buses by establishing the relationship between fuel consumption and the number of stops on the route, as well as an environmental assessment of the introduction of an express mode of bus traffic in the conditions of a modern metropolis.


Methodology.
The fuel balance equation of the vehicle was used to build a model for researching the energy resource efficiency of buses in different driving modes. Determining the criteria and limitations that determine the effectiveness of the express mode of bus traffic was carried out by methods of system analysis. Information about the number of stops (where passenger exchange takes place) and additional dynamic loads which are related to the level of occupancy of the bus cabin were used as input data for modelling. These indicators were determined on the basis of a survey of passenger flows. The values of the angles of the lateral-longitudinal slope of the road and the distances of the sections between the stops were determined with the help of the Internet resources Google Earth Pro and Google maps, respectively. The number of additional stops at traffic lights was calculated as a weighted average value according to the Bernoulli distribution. Elements of functional analysis were used to justify the introduction of the combined mode of movement in the considered example. The economic evaluation was carried out in accordance with the Directive of the European Parliament and the Council of the EU 2009/33/EU.


Findings.
In the conducted studies, an ecological and economic evaluation of the introduction of an express mode of bus traffic in the conditions of a modern metropolis was provided. The results of the conducted research made it possible to determine the dependence of the energy resource efficiency of bus operation in different driving modes. Increasing the energy efficiency of transportation is achieved through the introduction of more productive and less expensive modes of bus traffic on city routes. It has been proven that the most effective one is the combined mode using regular and express connections.


Originality.
The authors believe that one of the effective measures to reduce the environmental consequences of the operation of urban public automobile transport is to increase the energy efficiency of transportation. This conclusion is based on the fact that one of the main quantitative indicators of the operation of vehicles is fuel consumption, which directly affects the mass of pollutant emissions and depends on the bus driving mode.


Practical value.
The proposed methodological approach is a universal algorithm that is proposed to be used by interested parties to assess the possibilities of reducing the negative impact of transport on the environment. The use of the developed approach in practice allows transport departments of city halls and akimats of megacities together with specialists of transport companies (developers of public transport routes) to reduce emissions of pollutants into the atmospheric air, achieving a minimal negative impact on the environment.



Keywords:
transport service, driving mode, fuel efficiency, harmful emissions, environmental safety

References.


1. Emodi, N., Inekwe, J., & Zakari, A. (2022). Transport infrastructure, CO2 emissions, mortality, and life expectancy in the Global South. Transport Policy, 128, 243-253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2022.09.025.

2. Pan, Y., Zhang, W., & Niu, S. (2021). Emission modeling for new-energy buses in real-world driving with a deep learning-based approach. Atmospheric Pollution Research, 12(10). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2021.101195.

3. López-Martínez, J., Jiménez, F., Páez-Ayuso, J., Flores-Holgado, M., Arenas, A., Arenas-Ramirez, B., & Aparicio-Izquierdo, F. (2017). Modelling the fuel consumption and pollutant emissions of the urban bus fleet of the city of Madrid. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 52, 112-127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2017.02.016.

4. Zheng, J., Huang, Z., Zhou, X., Scheuer, B., & Wang, H. (2023). Spatiotemporal analysis of CO2 emissions and emission reduction potential of Beijing buses using smart card data. Sustainable Cities and Society, 99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2023.104976.

5. Järvinen, A., Timonen, H., Karjalainen, P., Bloss, M., Simo­nen, P., Saarikoski, S., …, & Rönkkö, T. (2019). Particle emissions of Euro VI, EEV and retrofitted EEV city buses in real traffic. Environmental Pollution, 250, 708-716. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.04.033.

6. Mahesh, S., & Ramadurai, G. (2017). Analysis of driving characteristics and estimation of pollutant emissions from intra-city buses. Transportation Research Procedia, 27, 1211-1218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2017.12.071.

7. Rosero, F., Fonseca, N., Mera, Z., & López, J. (2023). Assessing on-road emissions from urban buses in different traffic congestion scenarios by integrating real-world driving, traffic, and emissions data. Science of The Total Environment, 863. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.161002.

8. Giraldo, M., & Huertas, J. (2019). Real emissions, driving patterns and fuel consumption of in-use diesel buses operating at high altitude. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 77, 21-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2019.10.004.

9. Kim, S., & Kim, J. (2023). Assessing fuel economy and NOx emissions of a hydrogen engine bus using neural network algorithms for urban mass transit systems. Energy, 275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2023.127517.

10. Jelti, F., Allouhi, A., Al-Ghamdi, S., Saadani, R., Jamil, A., & Rahmoune, M. (2021). Environmental life cycle assessment of alternative fuels for city buses: A case study in Oujda city, Morocco. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46(49), 25308-25319. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.05.024.

11. Rossetti, A., Macor, A., & Benato, A. (2017). Impact of control strategies on the emissions in a city bus equipped with power-split transmission. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 50, 357-371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2016.11.025.

12. Saukenova, I., Oliskevych, M., Taran, I., Toktamyssova, A., Aliakbarkyzy, D., & Pelo, R. (2022). Optimization of schedules for early garbage collection and disposal in the megapolis. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 1(3-115), 13-23. https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2022.251082.

13. Taran, I., & Bondarenko, A. (2017). Conceptual approach to select parameters of hydrostatic and mechanical transmissions for wheel tractors designed for agrucultural opeations. Archives of transport, 41(1), 89-100. https://doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0009.7389.

14. García, A., Monsalve-Serrano, J., Sari, R., & Tripathi, S. (2022). Pathways to achieve future CO2 emission reduction targets for bus transit networks. Energy, 244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2022.123177.

15. Shao, S., Tan, Z., Liu, Z., & Shang, W. (2022). Balancing the GHG emissions and operational costs for a mixed fleet of electric buses and diesel buses. Applied Energy, 328. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2022.120188.

16. Kowarik, I. (2023). Urban biodiversity, ecosystems and the city. Insights from 50 years of the Berlin School of urban ecology. Landscape and Urban Planning, 240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2023.104877.

17. Tian, X., Waygood, E., An, C., Chen, Z., & Peng, H. (2023). Achieving urban net-zero targets through regionalized electric bus penetration and energy transition. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2023.103797.

18. Dreier, D., Silveira, S., Khatiwada, D., Keiko, V., Nieweglowski, F., & Schepanski, R. (2018). Well-to-Wheel analysis of fossil energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for conventional, hybrid-electric and plug-in hybrid-electric city buses in the BRT system in Curitiba, Brazil. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 58, 122-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2017.10.015.

19. Prati, M., Costagliola, M., Unich, A., & Mariani, A. (2022). Emission factors and fuel consumption of CNG buses in real driving conditions. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2022.103534.

20. Volkov, V., Taran, I., Volkova, T., Pavlenko, O., & Berezhnaja, N. (2020). Determining the efficient Management system for a specialized transport enterprise. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, (4), 185-191. https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2020-4/185.

21. Foda, A., Abdelaty, H., Mohamed, M., & Saadany, E. (2023). A generic cost-utility-emission optimization for electric bus transit infrastructure planning and charging scheduling. Energy, 277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2023.127592.

22. Ghaffarpasand, O., Talaie, M., Ahmadikia, H., Talaie, A., Shalamzari, M., & Majidi, S. (2021). Real-world assessment of urban bus transport in a medium-sized city of the Middle East. Driving behavior, emission performance, and fuel consumption, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 12(3), 113-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2021.02.004.

23. Lytvyn, V., & Taran, I. (2019). Effect of traffic conditions of urban buses on the fuel economy and environmental safety. Advances in mechanical engineering and transport, 1(12), 92-97. https://doi.org/10.36910/automash.v1i12.39.

24. Taran, I., & Lytvyn, V. (2018). Determination of rational parameters for urban bus route with combined operating mode. Transport Problem, 13(4), 157-171. https://doi.org/10.20858/tp.2018.13.4.14.

25. Directive 2009/33/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles. Official Journal of the European Union 15.5.2009 р. 120/5 – 120/12. (2009). Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN /TXT/ PDF/?uri=CELEX:32009L0033& from=EN.

26. Khrutba, V., Spasichenko, O., & Sarnavska, K. (2019). Characteristics of environmental risks of city transport systems. Transportation systems and technologies, 2(33), 156-166. https://doi.org/10.32703/2617-9040-2019-33-2-15.

 

Visitors

6693284
Today
This Month
All days
1405
197472
6693284

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Authors and readers terms of subscription EngCat Archive 2024 Content №2 2024 Express bus mode as an alternative way of ­improving the environmental safety of cities