Water resistance of structured sand-sodium-silicate mixtures

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Authors:


L.I.Solonenko, orcid.org/0000-0003-2092-8044, Odesa Polytechnic State University, Odesa, Ukraine, -mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

S.I.Repiakh, orcid.org/0000-0003-0203-4135, National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

K.I.Uzlov, orcid.org/0000-0003-0744-9890, National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

I.Mamuzich, orcid.org/0000-0002-7968-7540, University of Zagreb, Croatian Metallurgical Society, Zagreb, the Republic of Croatia, -mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.P.Bilyi, orcid.org/0000-0003-1234-5404, National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

T.V.Kimstach, orcid.org/0000-0002-8993-201X, National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2021, (4): 041 - 046

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2021-4/041



Abstract:



Purpose.
To establish regularities of changes in sand-sodium-silicate mixtures (SSSM) relative water resistance, structured by steam-microwave solidification method (SMS), on their structuring parameters and sodium silicate solute (SSS) dissolution conditions.


Methodology.
Technical purity water, SSS with 2.83.0 silicate modulus, quartz sand with 0.23 mm average particle size were used in this work. Studies were carried out on quartz sand samples, which were preliminarily cladded with 0.52.5% (by weight) SSS and structured by SMS method. The fracture time of structured mixtures was evaluated on cubic specimens with 20 mm rib length, which were immersed in water at different temperatures.


Findings.
Changes in SSSM water resistance in water regularities depending on their manufacturing, use and storage conditions were established. Recommendations for SSSM rods removal from castings in water were developed.


Originality.
For the first time, it has been established that relative water resistance of the SSSM structured by SMS method decreases along with increase in water temperature in which it is destroyed. Depending on SSS mass used for quartz sand cladding in range 0.52.5%, water resistance dependence on treatment in steam-microwave environment with 27 minutes running time acquires an inversion character with inversion point `3.1 minutes into the processing.

For the first time, it has been discovered that in boiling water the relative water resistance of SSSM, structured by SMS-process and having preheating, monotonically increases with preheating temperature rising from 100 to 600 , sharply increases when heated to 600700 and practically becomes absolute after preliminarily preheating to higher temperatures.


Practical value.
Research results will be useful in concepts of processes accompanying destruction of structured sands with water-soluble binders expanding, as well as in technologies and equipment development designed for SSS rods and mold rests removing from castings.



Keywords:
water resistance, sodium silicate solute, sand-sodium-silicate mixture, knockout, steam-microwave solidification, rod

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
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Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
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