Geochemical assessment of the role of aeration zone rocks in pollution of ground waters by heavy metals

User Rating:  / 1


А.V. Pavlichenko, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Associate Professor, State Higher Education Institution “National Mining University”, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Ecology, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.

А.А. Kroik, Dr. Sci. (Geol.), Professor, Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University Professor of the Department of Zoology and Ecology, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.


Purpose. Investigation of the physical and chemical mechanism of processes occurring in the system of ‘aeration zone rocks – waste water’ during filtration of mine water from ponds.

Methodology. For the selected samples of aeration zone rocks the particle size, mineral structure and chemical composition ware analyzed, including the study of the water-soluble minerals complex composition. The content of trace elements in the rocks was determined by the content of water-soluble and acid-soluble forms of metals.

Findings. We have determined the parameters of rock sorption of heavy metals. This allows us to predict the degree of groundwater contamination. The following elements are concentrated in the aeration zone rocks: lead, zinc, copper, cobalt, chromium and cadmium. According to the level of sorption in the system rock-solution the metals can be put in the following order: Pb>Cu>Cr>Zn>Fe>Ni>Cd>Co>Mn. In the system ‘aera-tion zone rocks – waste water’ there are processes that under anthropogenic stress lead to the change of ion-salt and micro-component content of rocks. At the same time there is a significant transformation of the chemical composition of infiltrating waste water. The heavy met-als concentration decreases before the water reaches the groundwater horizons and the environmental friendliness of groundwater in the area of ponds rises.

Originality. We have found that the aeration zone rocks serve as geochemical barrier that reduces inflow of heavy metals from the ponds into the groundwater. The efficiency of metal absorption depends on pH and mineral composition of rock and chemical properties and concentration of each metal. The important role of the calcium carbonate minerals in the sorption of heavy metals has been determined.

Practical value. The regularities of the sorption in the aeration zone rocks allow developing the effective ways of reduce of groundwater contamination by heavy metals in the zone of ponds location. Aeration zone rocks can be used as a geochemical barrier, which concentrates contaminants from the ponds, and thereby contribute to reducing of the pollution of groundwater in mining areas. 




1. Яковлев Є.О. Сучасні фактори національної безпеки України при формуванні мінерально-сировинної бази / Є.О. Яковлев // Екологія довкілля та безпека життєдіяльності. – К., 2005. – № 5. – С. 84–91.


Yakovlev, Ye.O. (2005), “Modern national security factors of Ukraine in the formation of mineral resources”, Ekolohia dovkillia ta bezpeka zhyttiediyalnosti, Kyiv, no. 5, pp. 84–91.


2. Оцінка ступеню екологічного ризику територій промислово-гірських агломерацій забрудненням важкими металами / Е.Я. Жовинський, І.В. Кураєва, А.І. Радченко, В.Ж. Білик // Поисковая и экологическая геохимия. – К., 2003. – № 2/3. – С. 96–101.


Zhovynskyi, Е.Ya., Kurayeva, I.V., Radchenko, А.І. and Bilyk, V.Zh. (2003), “Assessment of the environmental risk areas of industrial and mining agglomerations polluted by heavy metals”, Poiskovaya i ekologicheskaya geokhimiya, Kyiv, no. 2/3, pp. 96101.


3. Воеводин Н.В. Региональные проблемы экологической безопасности при горнопромышленном производстве в Украине / Н.В. Воеводин // Екологія довкілля та безпека життєдіяльності. – К., 2006. – № 1. –С. 5–16.


Voevodin, N.V. (2006), “Regional problems of environmental safety of the mining production in Ukraine”, Ekolohia dovkillia ta bezpeka zhyttiediyalnosti, Kyiv, no. 1, pp. 5–16.


4. Gorova, A., Pavlychenko, A. and Kulyna, S. (2012), “Ecological problems of post-industrial mining areas”, Geomechanical processes during underground mining. Leiden, The Netherlands: CRC Press, Balkema: pp. 35–40.


5. Воробьев А.Е. Оценка воздействия горного производства на окружающую среду / А.Е. Воробьев, Е.В. Казакова // Безопасность жизнедеятельности. – М., 2002. – № 5. – С. 25–28.


Vorobyev, А.Ye. and Kazakova, Ye.V. (2002), “Assessment the impact of mining on the environment, Bezopasnost zhiznedeyatelnosti, Moscow, no. 5, pp. 25–28.


6. Krupskaya, L.T., Bubnova, M.B., Zvereva, V.P. and Krupskiy, A.V. (2012), “Characteristics of mining-ecological monitoring of environmental objects changing under the influence of toxic waste tailing dump (“Solnechny GOK” Company) ”, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, May 2012, Vol. 184, Issue 5, pp. 27752781


7. Горова А.І. Фізичне моделювання процесу осадження завислих речовин у діючому макеті відстійника для очистки шахтних вод / А.І. Горова, В.Є. Колесник, Д.В. Кулікова // Науковий вісник НГУ. – 2012. – № 3. С. 92–98.


Horova, A.I, Kolesnik, V.Ye. and Kulikova, D.V. (2012), “Physical modeling of precipitation process of the suspended materials in physical model of sedimentation tank for mine water treatment”, Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, no. 4, pp. 92–98.



Date 2014-07-24 Filesize 206.88 KB Download 528


This Month
All days

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.


D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by issue 2013 Contents No.5 2013 Environmental safety, labour protection Geochemical assessment of the role of aeration zone rocks in pollution of ground waters by heavy metals