Geological and mining-engineering peculiarities of implementation of hydromechanical drilling principles

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Authors:


A.O.Ihnatov, orcid.org/0000-0002-7653-125X, Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine, email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Ye.A.Koroviaka, orcid.org/0000-0002-2675-6610, Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine, email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Jan Pinka, orcid.org/0000-0002-7930-4183, Technical University of Kosice, Kosice, Slovak Republic, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

V.O.Rastsvietaiev, orcid.org/0000-0003-3120-4623, Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine, email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.O.Dmytruk, orcid.org/0000-0001-6311-6252, Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine, email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2021, (1): 011 - 018

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2021-1/011



Abstract:



Purpose.
Substantiation of the design solutions in separate units of the modernized hydromechanical devices and specification of rational technological modes of their operation in specific geological and technical conditions. Proposals on construction of wells by development and introduction of progressive methods and techniques.


Methodology.
Analysis of the peculiarities of the modernized hydromechanical drilling devices in terms of rock breaking is performed using modern methods of analytical analysis and experimental research, i.e. by using mathematical and physical modeling; method of modeling and processing of research results in the SolidWorks medium and others; control and measuring tools and materials. The process of solving the problems of optimal planning of the experiment was divided into four stages: development of a planned model; preparation of the necessary initial data; calculation of the model; obtaining and processing of the results. The well rock-breaking processes were modeled on a special-purpose laboratory stand equipped with a measuring and control unit (flow meter, manometer, tachometer, and coordinate spacer).


Findings.
The main ways to improve well hydromechanical technologies have been identified. The fundamental principles have been formulated concerning the process of design of such equipment schemes that will combine the most productive and efficient methods of the rock mass operations. A number of factors characteristic of the implementation of well hydromechanical technologies, have been identified, i.e.: rational range of physical properties of rocks according to which proper technical and technological characteristics of the devices are selected; structural use of mechanical rock-breaking organs of the devices; and operating parameters of the drilling process. It has been proved that the developed design schemes of hydromechanical drilling devices, in terms of their optimal technical performance and technological development, can be recommended for their use in the appropriate geological and technical conditions, where the implementation of other methods is inexpedient or limited.


Originality.
Formation of the peripheral part of the bottomhole is a subordinate factor determined by the device design; effective profiling is possible only due to the introduction of additional components into the hydromechanical drilling devices, which makes it possible to use certain technological methods.


Practical value.
The obtained results of laboratory and analytical studies are basic to design operating parameters of the well deepening processes by using the hydromechanical devices. Data from the study on bottomhole working processes of hydromechanical technologies are the starting point for the substantiation of design and technological parameters of modernized pellet impact devices.



Keywords:
hydromechanical drilling, well, washing liquid, rock, pellet impact device, bottomhole

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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