Achieving environmental security with economic impact

User Rating:  / 0
PoorBest 

Authors:


A.A.Nester, orcid.org/0000-0002-1276-6068, Khmelnytskyi National University, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.O.Nikitin, orcid.org/0000-0002-0842-3505, Khmelnytskyi National University, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.V.Romanishina, orcid.org/0000-0003-2029-1004, Khmelnytskyi National University, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

L.O.Mitiuk, orcid.org/0000-0003-4914-2387, National Technical University of Ukraine Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Yu.O.Polukarov, orcid.org/0000-0002-6261-3991, National Technical University of Ukraine Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2020, (6): 115 - 120

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2020-6/115



Abstract:


Dumping and storing spent pickling solutions on the territory of enterprises leads to environmental pollution, requires significant costs for their neutralization at the enterprise and at treatment facilities at the production sites.


Purpose.
To clarify the previously known, but insufficiently studied processes of wastewater treatment and to present the results of research and tests conducted to obtain copper from wastewater and create environmentally friendly equipment.


Methodology.
The paper studies individual processes of regeneration of copper-ammonia etching solutions using electrochemical technology to obtain dense copper deposits, whose release sharply reduces the formation and storage of sludge on the territory of enterprises.


Findings.
It is noted that the chemical correction of etching solutions leads to the formation of a significant amount of wastewater, sludge which contains heavy metals that adversely affect soils, groundwater, the plant world and humans as the top of the food chain. To avoid the accumulation of sludge on the territory of enterprises, it is proposed to use the technology of regeneration of spent etching solutions, in which sludge is not formed, and the isolated metal is reused as a secondary raw material for copper production. In this case, the regenerated etching solution is reused for etching printed circuit boards. The creation of equipment for the regeneration of used solutions with the release of metal in a form suitable for melting becomes an important element in preserving the environment and obtaining raw materials for non-ferrous metallurgy in Ukraine.


Originality.
For the first time, comprehensive studies have been carried out which made it possible to create promising wastewater treatment equipment based on them. The research-based etching line for printed circuit boards provides for the reuse of rinsing waters in the technological process after its regeneration. At the same time, the use the line rinsing water is available to replenish the withdrawn pickling solution.


Practical value.
The use of the process with the separation of copper by dense deposits makes it easier to remove metal by simple mechanical operations and to avoid a complex structure for removing copper in the form of metal powders.


Keywords:
regeneration, sludge, pickling solution, copper, cathode, rinsing water

References.


1. National report on the state of the environment in Ukraine (2018). Retrieved from https://mepr.gov.ua/files/docs/Zvit/2020.

2. Petryk,A., Chop,M., & Pohrebennyk,V. (2018). The assessment of the degree of pollution of fallow vegetation with heavy metals in rural administrative units of Psary and Poki in Poland. 18th International multidisciplinary scientific geoconference SGEM Ecology and environmental protection: proceedings 2018, (pp.921-928).

3. Pohrebennyk, V., Karpinski, M., Dzhumelia, E., Koswitkowska, A., & Falat, P. (2018). Water bodies pollution of the mining and chemical enterprise. 18th International multidisciplinary scientific geoconference SGEM Ecology and environmental protection : proceedings 2018, (pp.1035-1042).

4. Nester, A.A. (2016). Wastewater treatment of printed circuit board production: monograph. Khmelnytskyi: Khmelnytskyi National University.

5. Nester, A.A., & Evgrashkina, G.P. (2017). Forecast of contamination of the machine-building enterprise with slimes in the production of boards and electroplating. News of the TulState University. Technical science, (6), 193-200.

6. Klyachkin, V.N., Shirkunova, K.S., & Bart, A.D. (2019). Analysis of the Stability of the Chemical Composition of Wastewater in the Production of Printed Circuit Boards. Ecology and Industry of Russia, 23(5), 47-51. https://doi.org/10.18412/1816-0395-2019-5-47-51.

7. Pashayan, A.A., & Karmanov, D.A. (2018). Recycling of Electroplating Wastes without Formation of Galvanic Sludges. Ecology and Industry of Russia, 22(12), 19-21. https://doi.org/10.18412/1816-0395-2018-12-19-21.

8. Prolejchik, A.Y., Gaponenkov, I.A., & Fedorova, O.A. (2018). Extraction of Heavy Metal Ions from Inorganic Wastewater, Ecology and Industry of Russia, 22(3), 35-39. https://doi.org/10.18412/1816-0395-2018-3-35-39.

9. Dorokhina, E.Y., & Kharchenko, S.G. (2017). Circular Economy: Problems and Ways of Development. Ecology and Industry of Russia, 21(3), 50-55. https://doi.org/10.18412/1816-0395-2017-3-50-55.

10. Vershinina, I.A., & Martynenko, T.S. (2019). Problems of Waste Recovery and Socio-Ecological Inequality. Ecology and Industry of Russia, 23(5), 52-55. https://doi.org/10.18412/1816-0395-2019-5-52-55.

11. Pohrebennyk, V., Cygnar, M., Mitryasova, O., Politylo,R., & Shybanova, A. (2016). Efficiency of sewage treatment of company Enzyme. International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM, 2, 295-302.

 

Visitors

3369862
Today
This Month
All days
244
6514
3369862

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by issue 2020 Content №6 2020 Achieving environmental security with economic impact