Generalized algorithm of diversification of waste rock dump handling technologies in coal mines

User Rating:  / 0


V.Ye. Kolesnik, Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Professor, State Higher Educational Institution “National Mining University”, Professor of the Department of Ecology, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine

V.V. Fedotov, State Higher Educational Institution “National Mining University”, Assistant Lecturer of the Department of Ecology, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine

Yu.V. Buchavy, State Higher Educational Institution “National Mining University”, Assistant Lecturer of the Department of Ecology, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine


Purpose. To develop the algorithm for selecting ways of rehabilitation of waste dumps at the end of their operation.

Methodology. Search and analytical work was carried out. We used the standard method of preparation of the decision-making algorithms.

Findings. The article presents a brief analysis of waste dumps of coal mines as a source of human impact and anthropogenic mineral deposits. After expiration of waste dumps exploitation raises the question of choosing the directions of their further use. Mine dump can be disassembled by the backfilling rocks in the areas of surface subsidence or by filling the mined-out space, reclaimed or used as a source of valuable components (carbon, alumina, rare earth metals, etc.). Therefore, we apply the principle of diversification in the treatment of waste dumps, providing variation in ways of their rational use. Selection of the most effective way and technology of dump use requires a system of defining criteria, i.e. the parameters of the mine dump, causing the feasibility of its development, or rehabilitation, followed by the inclusion of it into the ecological system of natural areas. Basic information for the selection process should be provided by its technological certificate. The block diagram presented in the article shows the algorithm for selection of right waste dumps treatment technologies. We consider the required information sources for the proposed algorithm: standard, typical and specialized, with step by step expansion of the data in waste dump database.

Originality. For the first time the algorithm of diversification of waste dumps treatment technologies has been developed in the form of a flowchart and levels of its information management have been suggested.

Practical value. The proposed approach to diversification of the technology of waste dumps treatment will contribute to effective management decision making at acting and liquidated mining companies and in the field of Post Mining.


1. Кузык И.Н. Формирование критериев экологической опасности породных отвалов шахт / Кузык И.Н. // Екологія і природокористування. – 2009. – Випуск 12. – С. 156–160.
Kuzyk I.N. (2009), “Forming criteria of environmental hazard of mine waste dumps”, Ekologіia і pryrodokorystuvannia, Issue 12, pp. 156–160.

2. Фомина О. Разумный подход: возможности переработки горных отвалов [Электронный ресурс] / Фомина О. – Режим доступа: http://www.uaenergy.
Fomina, O. “A reasonable approach: the possibility of recycling dumps”, available at: http://www.uaenergy.

3. Зубова Л.Г. Терриконы, их утилизация и рекультивация: монография / Зубова Л.Г. – Луганск: ВНУ им.В. Даля, 2008. – 80 с.
Zubova, L.G. (2008), Terrikony, ikh utilizatsya i rekultivatsyya [Waste Banks, Recycling and Reclamation], monograph, ENU, Lugansk, Ukraine.

4. Смирний М.Ф. Екологічна безпека териконових ландшафтів Донбасу: монографія / М.Ф. Смирний, Л.Г. Зубова, О.Р. Зубов – Луганськ: СНУ ім. Даля, 2006. – 232 с.
Smyrnyi, M.F., Zubova, L.G. and Zubov, O.R. (2006), Ekolohichna bezpeka terykonovykh landshaftiv Donbasu [Environmental Safety of Waste Bank Landscapes of Donbas], monograph, ENU, Lugansk, Ukraine.

5. Інструкція із запобігання самозапалювання, гасіння та розбирання породних відвалів: НПАОП 10.0-5.21-04 [Електронний ресурс] – [Чинний від 2004-10-26] / Держнаглядохоронпраці України – Режим доступу:
NPAOP 10.0-5.21-04 “Instruction to prevent spontaneous combustion, fire and demolition dumps”, valid since October 26, 2010, Derzhnahliadokhoronpratsi Ukrainy, available at: lyuvannyu-gasinnja-ta-ro-nor74 49.html

6. Матвеева Н.Г. Возможность применения мирового опыта в переработке породних отвалов угледобывающей промышленности Донбасса: Збірник (частина 2) тез доповідей Х Всеукраїнської науково-практичної конференції студентів, аспірантів та молодих вчених [„ТЕХНОЛОГІЇ – 2007“] / Н.Г. Матвеева, М.Д. Аптекарь – Северодонецк: СТІ СНУ ім. В. Даля, 2007. – С. 12.
Matveeva, N.G. and Aptekar, M.D. (2007), “The possibility of global experience in the processing of waste dumps Donbass coal industry”, Issue (part 2) of thesis of the 10th All-Ukrainian Scientific Conference of Students and Young Scientists “TECHNOLOGY – 2007“, ENU, Severodonetsk, pp. 12.

Date 2013-08-13 Filesize 382.18 KB Download 827


This Month
All days

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.


D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by issue 2012 Contents No.4 2012 Information technologies, systems analysis and administration Generalized algorithm of diversification of waste rock dump handling technologies in coal mines