Fundamental principles of activity of international labour organization in occupational safety and hygiene

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Authors:


Yu.D.Dreval, orcid.org/0000-0002-7347-9433, National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

S.O.Zaika, orcid.org/0000-0001-8132-7643, Kharkiv National Technical University of Agriculture named after Petro Vasylenko, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.P.Sharovatova, orcid.org/0000-0002-2736-2189, National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.V.Bryhada, orcid.org/0000-0001-5777-8516, National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

B.M.Tsymbal, orcid.org/0000-0002-2317-3428, National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2020, (6): 089 - 095

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2020-6/089



Abstract:



Purpose.
Based on the analysis of the relevant basic international documents, to provide further substantiation for the provisions on the importance of the concept of occupational safety and health in the program and standards-related activities of the ILO.


Methodology.
The ILOs participation in the development and settlement of the defined area of social and labour relations is explored using a number of methods, namely: the method of system analysis (which ensures consideration of a set of activities of this organization as a complex system defined by relative structural independence and meaningful harmonious unity of individual components) and the method of comparison (which further advances arguments for the position of achievements and voids in the study on this issue, as well as places emphasis on the most significant and promising area of activity of this organization related to occupational safety and health).


Findings.
Based on the application of these methods, it is substantiated that much attention is paid to various aspects of occupational safety and health in the programmes and standards-related activities of the ILO. In this case, a harmonious interrelation between the key documents, labour standards, as well as the fundamental principles and rights at work is fundamentally essential. This interrelation is partly embodied in a special ILO document on labour protection, which, however, has no clear emphasis on the protection of working people as the fundamental basis of this organization. The grouping of conventions of this organization is carried out, which in the set of norms are aimed at regulating occupational safety and health issues. In addition to the above, emphasis is placed on the need for a comprehensive analysis of fundamental conventions and conventions, which together are aimed at direct regulation of occupational safety and health.


Originality.
The provision that the concept of occupational safety and health is of paramount importance in the key documents and conventions of ILO, and that this concept is one of the systemically important factors of this organization, is presented and comprehensively substantiated. Indeed, a set of provisions based on the safety of workers is contained in both program documents (declarations, conventions) and in most conventions. At the same time our analysis shows that such provisions with certain details directly relate to all fundamental principles and rights at work (therefore, when analysing this issue attention should be paid not only to formal but also to the essential characteristics of occupational safety and health). ILO conventions, which contain norms on labour protection, are also defined and grouped (with substantiation of the provision on the degree of involvement in this area of fundamental and governance conventions, as well as conventions based on direct regulation of relevant relations).


Practical value.
The results of this research can be used in the current activities of public authorities, trade unions, and other individuals involved in labour protection.

The share of international labour standards related to the need of strict compliance with occupational safety and health in improving state social policy (in Ukraine, for example, in the course of further revision of the draft Labour Code) will also be important for public authorities. The provisions of the paper may be advantageous to officials involved in the formation and implementation of state policy in the area of labour protection. Provisions on the fundamental principles of the ILO should be taken into account better when discussing the Concept of Reforming the Labour Protection Management System in Ukraine, which, as referred to ILO Convention No.187, has already been discussed in the professional publications. The results of the research will be useful for preparation for ratification of some conventions, a process which is increasingly joined by trade union representatives. Some voids in the use of relevant knowledge became obvious during the discussion on ratification of the above convention and ILO Convention No. 167, because the arguments of the parties concerned in general did not centre around the significance of international standards, but the occupational safety and health in the outlined areas of industrial relations. The results of the research should provide a solid foundation for overcoming formalism in the preparation and holding of the World Day for Safety and Health at Work (comprehensive view of an integrated approach of international organizations to social protection of workers cannot be formed without the most important ILO documents).


Keywords:
occupational safety and health, ILO documents, declaration, convention, ILO, international labour standards, decent work, decent work

References.


1. Frick, K. (2019). Critical perspectives on OSH management systems and the future of work. International Labour Organization. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_protect/---protrav/safework/documents/genericdocument/wcms_681825.pdf.

2. Andr, M.H. (2019). Preface. International Journal of Labour Research, 9(1-2), 7-9.

3. Cherry, M.A. (2019). Back to the future: A Continuity of dialogue on work and technology at the ILO. International Labour Review, 158(4). Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/ilr.12156.

4. Dreval, Yu.D. (2019). Participation of the International Labor Organization in the formation and improvement of the decent work program. Scientific Papers of the Legislation Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 3, 74-80. https://doi.org/10.32886/instzak.2019.03.07.

5. Zhenev, V.I. (n.d.). ILO regulatory activity regarding occupational safety and health: an in-depth review to develop an action plan in this area. International Labour Conference. 91st Session Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/public/russian/standards/relm/ilc/ilc91/pdf/rep-vi.pdf.

6. Global Strategy on Occupational Safety and Health 2003. Conclusions adopted by the International Labour Conference at its 91st Session. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_protect/---protrav/---safework/documents/policy/wcms_107535.pdf.

7. ILO centenary declaration for the future of work adopted by the conference at its one hundred and eighth session. International Labour Conference, Geneva, 21 June 2019. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_711674.pdf.

8. International Labour Office (n.d.). Governing Body 337th Session, Geneva, 24 October 7 November 2019. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_723206.pdf.

9. Dreval, Yu.D., Sychenko, V.V., Sharovatova, O.P., & Vilkhova,T.V. (2019). Methodological aspects of regulatory support of labor protection. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, (1), 104-109. https://doi.org/10.29202/nvngu/2019-1/15.

10. Formation of a labor protection culture. Guidance on the Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981 (No. 155) and its Protocol, 2002, and the Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 2006 (No. 187). (2016). Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---normes/documents/publication/wcms_525546.pdf.

 

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