Optimization of water-physical properties of sandy soils of natural-technogenic origin

User Rating:  / 0
PoorBest 

Authors:

F.Brovko, Dr. Sc. (Agr.), Prof., orcid.org/0000-0001-7498-774X, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.Brovko, Cand. Sc. (Biol.), orcid.org/0000-0003-0969-0194, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

S.Tanchyk, Dr. Sc. (Agr.), Prof., orcid.org/0000-0002-4975-7720, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

V.Yukhnovskyi, Dr. Sc. (Agr.), Prof., orcid.org/0000-0003-3182-4347, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2020, (1):111-117
https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2020-1/111

 повний текст / full article



Abstract:

Purpose. To establish the changes in the water-physical properties of sandy soils under the influence of different content of forest-like loam, humus mass of sod-podzolic sandy loam and gray loamy soils and to show their influence on the phytomass production of annual seedlings of Scotch pine and common oak.

Methodology. Indicators of density, porosity, as well as absolute and relative humidity of sandy soils and their mixtures with different content of loam and humus mass of zonal soils were determined by conventional methods in soil science. The effect of the studied mixtures on the water-physical properties of the sands was evaluated by the parameters of accumulated absolutely dry phytomass of annual pine seedlings and seedlings of common oak.

Findings. It is established that with increasing the content of forest loam and humus mass in sandy and sod-podzolic sandy soils from 20 to 80 % in their mixtures there is observed decrease in density (by 3.4‒24.8 %), increase in porosity (by 1.1‒70.0 %) and humidity – absolute (at 5‒560 %) and relative (at 11‒442 %). The share of needles in the total phytomass of pine seedlings is increasing (by 2‒8 %), and the share of roots is decreasing (by 2‒18 %). One-year-old pine seedlings accumulated the largest mass (2539 mg) on a mixture with 20 % of humus mass content and 80 % of loam content. With the increase in the sand content of forest loams and humus mass of gray forest loam soils from 20 to 80 % absolute humidity of the mixtures increases by 75.0‒870.0 %, and the relative humidity – by 61.0‒639.0 %. In the total phytomass of annual oak seedlings, the part of leaves increases (by 11.9‒15.8 %), and the proportion of roots decreases (by 13.0‒22.8 %). In annual oak seedlings, maximum values of the total mass (10.7 g) were observed on mixtures containing 40 % of humus mass of gray forest soils, 20 % of loess loam and 40 % sand, as well as 80 % of humus mass and 20 % of loam.

Originality. It is shown that 20‒80 % of admixture to the sands of loess loam and humus mass of sod-podzolic sandy soils significantly increases their porosity, their moisture content and has a positive effect on the accumulation of phytomass in annual pine seedlings. The same admixture to the sands of loess loams and humus mass of gray forest loamy soil provides a significant increase in absolute and relative humidity in the studied mixtures and causes oak seedlings to increase the mass of leaves and reduce the mass of roots in annual seedlings.

Practical value. The proposed variants of formation of recultivation layer of three-component mixtures, which include sand, loess loam and humus mass of zonal soils allow optimizing the water-physical properties of sandy soils of natural-technogenic origin. The use of treated soil mixtures will ensure a more efficient use of man-made landscapes for economic purposes and at the same time reduce the manifestation of water erosion and deflation.

References.

1. The land fund of Ukraine on January 1, 2016 and the dynamics of its changes compared with the data on January 1, 2015(n.d.). Retrieved from https://land.gov.ua.info/zemelnyi-fond-na-1-sichna2016-roku-ta-dinamika-ioho-zmin-u-porivnanni-z-danumy-na-1-schnia-2015-roku.

2. Martin, A., Osipchuk, S., & Chumachenko, O. (2015). Natural-agricultural regionalization of Ukraine. Monograph. Kyiv: Komprint.

3. Brovko, F., & Brovko, D. (2017). Phytomelioration of sandy litosoils of natural and man-made origin: Monograph. Kyiv. Condor.

4. Wang, C., Zhao, C., Xu, Z., & Wang, Y. (2013). Effect of vegetation on soil water and storage in a semi-arid alpine forest catch merit. Journal of arid land, 5(2), 206-219. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40333-013-0151-5.

5. Dolgova, T. (2008). Features of soil monitoring in mining areas while solving problems of their environmental safety. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, (3), 90-96.

6. Loza, I. M., Pakhomov, O. Y., Chorna, V. I., & Voroshilova, N. V. (2018). Evaluation of remediation efficiency of manganese quarry lands after open-cut mining: ecosystem approach. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, (4), 122-128. https://doi.org/10.29202/nvngu/2018-4/16.

7. Macdonald, E., Quideau, S., & Landhauser, S. (2012) Rebulding boreal forest after industrial disturbance. InRestoration and reclamation of boreal ecosystems: attaining Sustainable development. Cambridge University. Press Cambridge, UK. (pp.123-160). https://doi.org./10.1017/CBO9781139059152.010.

8. Masyuk, O. M. (2017). Dynamics of formation of grass in the plantations of Hippophae rhamnoides L. on various types of recultivation of disturbed lands of Western Donbass. Issues of steppe forestry and forest recultivation of lands, 46, 64-76.

9. Rowland, S., Prescoft, C., Grayston, S., & Quideau, S. (2009). Recreating a Functioning Forest Soil in Reclaimed Oil Sands in Northern Alberta: An Approach for measuring success in Ecological Restoration. Journal of Environmental Quality, 38(4), 1580-1590. https://doi.org./10.2134/jeg2008.0317.

10. Chernyavsky, E. A. (2010). Engineering surveys, development and rehabilitation of sand quarries in Western Siberia (on the example of the Thermokarst gas condensate field). Ecology of urbanized territories, 12, 74-80.

11. Izyumova, O. G. (2016). Formation of water-physical properties of soil of re-cultivated territories. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, (1), 85-89.

12. Dhar, A., Comean, P., & Vasson, R. (2019). Effects of cover soil stockpiling on plant community development following reclamation of oil sand sites in Alberta. Restoration Ecology, 27(2), 352-360. https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.12858.

13. Comean, P., Karst, J., Pinno, B., Chang, S., Naeth, A., & Vassov, R. (2018). Plant community development following reclamation of oil sands mine sites in the boreal forest: a review. Environmental Reviews, 26(3), 286-289. https://doi.org/10.1139/er-2017-0091.

14. Zhang, J., Ding, Z., & Mengting, L. (2017). Risk analysis of water searcity in artificial woodlands of senit rid and China. Land Use Policy, 63, 324-330.

15. Mo, K., Cong, Z., & Lei, Y. (2015). Optimal vegetation cover in the Horgin in Sands, China. Ecohydrology, 9(4), 700-711. https://doi.org/10.1002/eco.1668.

16. Wang, C., Zhao, C., Xu, Z., Wang, Y., & Peng, H. (2013). Effect of vegetation on soil water and stored in a sand-arid alpine forest catchment. Journal of arid land, 5(2), 206-219. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40333-013-0151-5.

17. Chu, J., Ivanov, V., Naemini, M., Stabnikov, V., & Lie, H. (2014). Optimization of calcium-based bioclgging and biocementation of sand. Acta Geotechnica, 9(2), 277-285.

18. Akça, E., Kapur, S., Tanaka, Y., Kaya, Z., Çetin, H., Bedestenei, H., & Yakti, S. (2010). Afforestation effect on soil quality of sand dunes. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 19(6), 1109-1116.

19. State Standard of Ukraine (n.d.). ISO 11272-2001 Quality of the soil. Determination of drying density on dry weight. Kyiv.

20. State Standard of Ukraine (n.d.). ISO 16586-2005 Quality of soil. Determination of volumetric soil moisture due to known drying density on dry weight. Gravimetric method. Kyiv.

21. Borovikov, V. P. (2013). A popular introduction to the current analysis in the STATISTICA system. Methodology and technology of modern data analysis. Moscow: Hot Line-Telecom.

Visitors

3097340
Today
This Month
All days
82
17578
3097340

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home About the journal concept of the journal EngCat Archive 2020 Content №1 2020 Optimization of water-physical properties of sandy soils of natural-technogenic origin