Criminal liability for illegal acts with amber: law-making and law-enforcement issues

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Authors:


R.Movchan*, orcid.org/0000-0003-2074-8895, Vasyl’ Stus Donetsk National University, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.Dudorov, orcid.org/0000-0003-4860-0681, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

D.Kamensky, orcid.org/0000-0002-3610-2514, Berdyansk State Pedagogical University, Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A.Vozniuk, orcid.org/0000-0002-3352-5626, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

T.Makarenko, orcid.org/0000-0002-0103-606X, Berdyansk State Pedagogical University, Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

* Corresponding author e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2024, (3): 197 - 203

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2024-3/197



Abstract:



Purpose.
Analyses of problematic issues of qualification and implementation of criminal liability provisions for the crime provided for in Article 240-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, and elaboration on balanced recommendations for improving the current Criminal Code of Ukraine and the practice of applying its individual provisions.


Methodology.
A system of methods of scientific knowledge that ensured the achievement of the declared research goal (philosophical (dialectical), statistical, specifically sociological, modeling methods).


Findings.
Lawmaking and law enforcement problems have been identified, which significantly reduce the preventive and protective potential of Article 240-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, in particular: recognizing illegal actions with amber as criminal ones independent of its value; lack of differentiation of criminal liability for committing the analyzed crime depending on the forms of complicity, as well as poor quality differentiation depending on the value of amber; lack of references to relevant provisions of regulatory legislation in procedural documents; imperfection of the sanctions provided by the considered criminal law prohibition; lack of proper individualization of criminal liability of convicted persons.


Originality.
The authors were the first in criminal law science to carry out a comprehensive study of the practice of applying Article 240-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, which made it possible to identify issues of qualification and implementation of criminal liability for illegal actions with amber and, based on this, to put forward balanced recommendations for improving the current Criminal Code of Ukraine and the practice of applying its individual provisions on the regulation of liability for illegal actions with amber.


Practical value.
Based on the results of elaboration on the research piece, specific proposals have been developed which can be considered during further law-making regarding updating relevant provisions of the applicable criminal law and in the course of law enforcement actions. It has been argued that in order to improve the ban under study, it is necessary to strengthen criminal liability regime for the commission of the acts provided for in Part 1 of it in the case of their commission by a group of persons, organized group and on a large scale. It has been justified that the analyzed composition of the crime should be constructed as formal and material. It has been proven that law enforcement bodies should: a) indicate in the relevant procedural documents, firstly, not only the mass of amber, but also its value, secondly, refer to the acts of regulatory legislation, which establish the procedure for mining and circulation of amber; b) pay more attention to the individualization of criminal liability of guilty persons.



Keywords:
amber, minerals, illegal mining, criminal liability, qualification, punishment, complicity, property damage

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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