Combating illegal amber mining: peculiarities of conflict resolution

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Authors:

A. O. Kyselov, Cand. Sc. (Jurid.), orcid.org/0000-0003-3106-4376, Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

Purpose. Identification and analysis of tactical rules of conflict-free communication of criminal police officers of the National Police of Ukraine with any persons in the process of combating illegal amber mining.

Methodology. The author used the analytical method and problem-subject method. Opinions of specialists, scientific-theoretical and practical issues in the field of psychology were systematized in order to determine the causes and discover the essence of the conflict during communication.

Findings. The paper defines the influence of the causes of conflict during combating illegal amber mining on the course and results of communication, followed by identifying the most effective conditions for resolution and ending of the conflict. Psychological characteristics of communication were analyzed, and it was found that the knowledge of the rules of communication by the participants represented the most important condition of its effectiveness.

Originality. The legal and psychological aspects of the conflict are adapted to situations of countering the illegal amber mining. Actions taken according to results of the study will contribute to putting the amber mining process in the legal framework, and improving the crime situation in the region where these minerals occur. The legal basis for taking the opportunities of confidential cooperation by the criminal police officers of the National Police of Ukraine was determined.

Practical value. Usage of the relevant rules of communication will allow making such communication conflict-free. Tactically built communication is the key to conflict-free, meaningful and productive dialog of the criminal police officer of the National Police of Ukraine with any persons in the course of countering the illegal amber mining. Improvement of the tactics of communication with people while countering illegal amber mining in general and confidential cooperation in particular will allow the officers of criminal police units to increase the efficiency of combating and preventing crime based on the mechanisms proposed in this study. Implementation of the work results will improve quality of the investigation of criminal proceedings, and raise the level of compensation of damages caused by illegal activities. It will have positive effect on the economic component by reducing the volumes of criminal consequences of the illegal amber mining.

References.

1. Tatarov, O. Yu. and Marco, S. I., 2014. Forensic characterization of violations of safety or subsoil use rules on example of illegal amber extraction. Naukovyi Visnyk Lvivskoho Derzhavnoho Universytetu Vnutrishnikh Sprav, Legal series, 3, pp. 273‒285.

2. Legislation of Ukraine, 2017. On the State Regulation of Mining, Production and Use of Precious Metals and Precious Stones and Control over Transactions with Them. Law of Ukraine as of 18.11.1997 [online]. Available at: <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/637/97-ВР> [Accessed 21 September 2017].

3. Usenko, V. F., Nekrasov, V. A. and Matsiuk, V. Ya, 2007. Use of confidential assistance of citizens in crime prevention. Monograph. KKNT.

4. Legislation of Ukraine, 2017. The Constitution of Ukraine. Law as of 28.06.1996 [online]. Available at: <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/254к/96-врhttp://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/637/97-ВР> [Accessed 15 September 2017].

5. Legislation of Ukraine, 2017. On the National Police. Law of Ukraine as of 02.07.2015 [online]. Available at: <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/580-VІІІhttp://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/637/97-ВР> [Accessed 11 November 2017].

6. Legislation of Ukraine, 2017. On the Operational-Investigative Activity. Law of Ukraine as of 18.02.1992 [online]. Available at: <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2135-ХІІ> [Accessed 3 October 2017].

7. Legislation of Ukraine, 2017. On the Organizational and Legal Framework to Combat the Organized Crime. Law of Ukraine as of 30.06.1993 [online]. Available at: <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3341-ХІІ> [Accessed 7 November 2017].

8. Legislation of Ukraine, 2017. On the State Protection of Employees of Courts and Law Enforcement Agencie. Law of Ukraine as of 23.12.1993 [online]. Available at: <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3781-ХІІ> [Accessed 7 December 2017].

9. Legislation of Ukraine, 2017.On Protection of Individuals Involved in Criminal Proceedings. Law of Ukraine as of 23.12.1993 [online]. Available at: <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3782-ХІІ> [Accessed 22 October 2017].

10. Legislation of Ukraine, 2018. On Information. Law of Ukraine as of 02.10.1992 [online]. Available at: <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2657-ХІІ> [Accessed 5 January 2018].

11. Legislation of Ukraine, 2018. The Criminal code of Ukraine as of 05.04.2001 [online]. Available at: <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2341-ІІІ> [Accessed 22 April 2018].

12. Legislation of Ukraine, 2017. The Code of criminal procedure of Ukraine as of 13.04.2012 [online]. Available at: <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/4651-VІ> [Accessed 21 September 2017].

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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