Model of thermal effect of fire within a dike on the oil tank

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Authors:

Y. A. Abramov, Dr. Sc. (Tech.), Prof., orcid.org/0000-0001-7901-3768, National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O. E. Basmanov, Dr. Sc. (Tech.), Prof., orcid.org/0000-0002-6434-6575, National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

J. Salamov, orcid.org/0000-0003-3583-9618, National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A. A. Mikhayluk, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), Senior Research Fellow, orcid.org/0000-0002-4116-164X, National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

Purpose. Building a mathematical model for the heat build-up in the oil tank shell under the thermal effect of a combustible liquid pool fire within the tank dike.

Methodology. A thermal balance equation for an oil tank exposed to heat from the pool fire has been worked out. Both radiant and convective heat transfer processes between the pool fire and the environment have been taken into account. Estimates for the distribution of temperatures and airflow velocities in the plume above the fire have been used to account for the convection component of the heat flux from the pool fire.

Findings. Dynamics of the tank shell temperature change in time under the thermal effect of the pool fire within the dike has been obtained. The obtained expression is the solution of the differential equation worked out on the basis of the thermal balance analysis for the oil tank shell exposed to heat.

Originality. The convective component of the heat flux from the pool fire to the oil tank is taken into account and estimates of the distribution of temperatures and velocities in the plume are built.

Practical value. The proposed model of the tank shell heat exposure to the pool fire within the dike could provide the basis for building a decision-making system for the fire response manager, outlining safe zones for positioning the equipment and personnel involved in fire-fighting, while developing fire pre-plans at the oil refining facilities and designing security systems for oil tanks.

References.

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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