Taking into account of influence of earth crust faults in solving geological and geoecological tasks by geophysical methods

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Authors:

О.К. Tiapkin, Doctor of Geological Sciences, Senior Research Fellow, National Mining University, Professor of the Department of Geophysical Exploration Methods, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.Pihulevskyi, Doctor of Geological Sciences, Senior Research Fellow, Institute of Geophysics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Senior Research Fellow of the Seismic Hazard Department, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

М.М. Dovbnich, Doctor of Geological Sciences, Assistant Professor, National Mining University, Head of the Department of Geophysical Exploration Methods, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

Purpose. Application of the New Rotational Hypothesis of Structure Formation in the Earth’s Crust, advanced and substantiated by K.F. Tiapkin for solving not only geological exploration problems, but also geoecological ones of technogenically loaded regions of Ukraine.

Methodology. Theoretical and empirical methods of studying tectonic movements in the features of the fault-block structure, as well as modeling and prediction of the modern geoecological situation according to the complex of geological and geophysical methods are used.

Findings. It has been confirmed that almost all movements of the earth's crust are associated with tectonic faults. The nature of these movements can be determined from the geological and geophysical data on the forms of the fault-block structure of the earth’s crust. And the faults are not only of structure-forming and ore-controlling importance, but are one of the main factors determining the geo-ecological situation in any region as well.

Originality. The New Rotational Hypothesis of Structure Formation in the Earth’s Crust, advanced and substantiated by K. F. Tiapkin in the mid-1980s became one of the most important stages in the study of faults. This hypothesis does not only explain the global patterns (which allow us to successfully predict ore and oil-and-gas deposits in various structural and geological conditions), but it has also become the basis for solving modern geoecological problems of technologically stressed regions of Ukraine successfully.

Practical value. It is shown on the example of the south of Kryvbas, that the New Rotational Hypothesis of Structure Formation in the Earth’s Crust by K.F. Tiapkin also works with large-scale geophysical studies of fault-block tectonics of technologically stressed regions. It allows not only determining the complexity of the tectonic structure of the studied territory, but also creating a basis for assessing the “stability” of single sites to dangerous manifestations of modern geoecological processes

References

1. Tiapkin, K. F., ed., 1972. Study of the Precambrian tectonics by geological and geophysical methods. Moscow: Nedra.

2. Tiapkin, K. F. and Kiveluk, Т. Т., 1982. Study of fault structures by geological and geophysical methods. Moscow: Nedra.

3. Tiapkin, K. F., 1984. A new model of geoisostasis. In: Proceedings of the XXVII session of the International Geological Congress. Moscow, рр. 438‒439.

4. Tiapkin, K. F., 1986. Study of faulty and folded Precambrian structures by geological and geophysical methods. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka.

5. Tiapkin, K. F. and Hontarenko, V. N., 1990. The fault system of the Ukrainian Shield. Kiev: Naukova Dumka.

6. Tiapkin, K. F., 1998. New technologies in assessment of outlooks on search for ore and hydrocarbon deposits. Earth Science Frontiers, 5(1‒2), рр. 41‒48.

7. Tiapkin, K. F., 1998. Physics of the Earth. Kyiv: Vishcha shkola.

8. Tiapkin, K. F., Tiapkin, O.K. and Yakymchuk, M. A., 2000. Fundamentals of Geophysics. Kyiv: Carbon Ltd.

9. Tiapkin, K. F. and Dovbnich, M. M., 2009. New rotational hypothesis of structure formation and its geological and mathematical substantiation. Donetsk: New Life.

10. Tiapkin, O. K., 2006. Geophysical methods for solving geoecological problems. Dnipropetrovsk: Monolith.

11. Vyzhva, S. A., 2004. Geophysical monitoring of hazardous geological processes. Kyiv: Obrii.

12. Orliuk, M. I., Melnik, P. P., Romenets, A. A. and Lishchetovich, L. I., 2012. About the influence of the Earth’s magnetic field on the yield of winter wheat in Ukraine. Geophysical Journal, 34(2), рр. 72‒81.

13. Yakovlev, Ye. A., 2011. Geoinformation analysis of superdeep wells to identify zones of accelerated migration of technogenic radionuclides and hydrocarbons. Geoinformatics, 4, рр. 24‒31.

14. Kasiyanchuk, D., Kuzmenko, E., Chepurna, T. and Chepurnyi, I., 2016. Calculation of that environmental and geological landslide risk estimate. Eastern European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 1(10), рр. 18‒25.

15. Tiapkin, O. K. and Pihulevskyi, P. H., 2017. Spatial prediction of the dangerous geoecological impact of mining and metallurgical enterprises on geological, geophysical and tectonic data. In: Yu.S. Proidak, ed., 2017. Heat engineering, energy and ecology in metallurgy: collective monograph, part II. Dnipro: New Ideology, рр.187‒191 [online]. Available at: <https://nmetau.edu.ua/file/kniga_2.pdf> [Accessed 2 November 2017]. 

 

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