Articles

Three-dimensional density model of the mantle beneath the Ukrainian shield

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Authors:


L.Shumlianska*, orcid.org/0000-0003-0234-7916, Institute of Geophysics by S.I. Subbotin name, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine; Mediterranean Institute of Advanced Studies (­IMEDEA – CSIC – UIB), Esporles, the Kingdom of Spain, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

P.Pigulevskiy, orcid.org/0000-0001-6163-4486,  Institute of Geophysics by S.I. Subbotin name, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine; Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: pigulev@ ukr.net

V.Vilarrasa, orcid.org/0000-0003-1169-4469, Mediterranean Institute of Advanced Studies (­IMEDEA – CSIC – UIB), Esporles, the Kingdom of Spain, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

* Corresponding author e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2024, (2): 012 - 018

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2024-2/012



Abstract:



Purpose.
Mantle density models are key tools for understanding the fundamental geological and physical processes occurring within the Earth and are essential to our scientific and applied understanding of the planet.


Methodology.
The tasks were solved by a complex research method, including analysis and generalization of literary and patent sources, analytical, experimental studies, using computer and mathematical modelling methods.


Findings.
One-dimensional models simplify the mantle density distribution by assuming that it is uniform only in the vertical direction. This limitation does not allow for horizontal variations in mantle density, which may be important on a regional scale. 3D models are more complex and require more data and computational resources, so their use may be limited. In this study, we present a quasi-three-dimensional model of mantle density beneath the Ukrainian Shield. This 3D model is obtained using a basic set of one-dimensional seismic tomographic velocity models calculated for 21 mantle domains in the depth range from 50 to 2,600 km. The process of converting the P-wave velocity model into a density model includes the following stages: 1) determining seismic boundaries in the mantle based on P-wave velocity curves for each mantle domain; 2) creating a synthetic mantle model beneath the Ukrainian Shield for the P,S-wave velocity curves; 3) solving the Adams-Williamson equation for each domain, considering polynomial corrections to extract heterogeneities during its solution; 4) analysing existing models by comparing the calculated gravitational potential at the central point of the Ukrainian Shield as the standard reference for selecting one of 5 reference models. Here, we focus on the final stages of constructing the mantle density model by: 1) balancing the mass of the upper and lower mantle for each domain when determining density using the Adams-Williamson equation and introducing polynomial corrections; 2) calculating densities for each of the 21 mantle domains and their 3D integration.


Originality.
The obtained mantle-density model of the Ukrainian Shield aligns well with the division of the mantle into three main layers: lithosphere, upper mantle, and lower mantle. Each of the mantle’s structural layers has its representation pattern in density heterogeneities. Anomalies of decreased density in the lithosphere of the Ukrainian Shield correlate with thermal anomalies, whereas anomalies of increased density correspond to tectonic zones dividing its megablocks.


Practical value.
Regions of increased density gradient are associated with mantle thrust faults, which in some cases can be boundaries between different petrological formations and serve as channels for magma ascent into the Earth’s crust at certain stages of geological development of the Ukrainian shield and, in turn, be sources of minerals.



Keywords:
Ukrainian Shield, mantle, Adams-Williamson equation, density, 3-D model

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