Justification of geodetic monitoring methodology of the retaining walls on the example of the embankment in Kremenchuk

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Authors:


P.B.Mikhno*, orcid.org/0000-0001-8045-6478, Kremenchuk Mykhailo Ostrohradskyi National University, Kremenchuk, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

I.M.Shelkovska, orcid.org/0000-0002-0986-381X, Kremenchuk Mykhailo Ostrohradskyi National University, Kremenchuk, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

V.I.Kozar, orcid.org/0000-0003-4084-3507, Kremenchuk Mykhailo Ostrohradskyi National University, Kremenchuk, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.M.Kliuka, orcid.org/0000-0002-9250-1157, Kremenchuk Mykhailo Ostrohradskyi National University, Kremenchuk, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Yu.Ye.Trehub, orcid.org/0000-0002-6772-245X, Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

* Corresponding author e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2024, (1): 076 - 083

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2024-1/076



Abstract:



Purpose.
Development of a methodology for analyzing the results of geodetic measurements according to which it is possible to use the materials of past years for the needs of geodetic monitoring on the example of a retaining wall in the conditions of the city’s recreational area.


Methodology.
A technological scheme of geodetic monitoring of retaining walls has been developed with four main stages: analysis of initial data, design of geodetic monitoring, periodic observations, processing and analysis of geodetic monitoring results. The conditions of the recreational areas of the city determine the specifics of geodetic monitoring, limit the possibilities of choosing a scheme of the geodetic network and methods of measurements. In this regard, it is proposed to develop models of the development of deformation processes already at the first stage of geodetic monitoring, which will allow geodetic monitoring to be carried out with greater reliability in the future and avoid possible forecasting errors.


Findings.
The results of the analysis of geodetic measurements in the geodetic networks of Kremenchuk (coordinates and heights of wall signs) show the presence of horizontal and vertical displacements of the retaining wall. In the horizontal plane the retaining wall has shifted in the south-western direction, towards the Dnipro River. In the vertical plane, the retaining wall has subsided. The displacements of different parts of the retaining wall are uneven. The average annual rate of both horizontal and vertical displacements is equivalent and is approximately 1 mm/year. The values of absolute displacement vectors of wall signs in the horizontal plane exceed the accuracy of geodetic measurements and normative tolerances.


Originality.
Modeling of displacements of retaining walls in the conditions of recreational areas of the city is already underway, taking into account the analysis of the results of geodetic measurements of past years.


Practical value.
The data of the analysis of the results of geodetic measurements carried out in the geodetic densification networks of Kremenchuk indicate the presence of deformation processes and justify the need for their control through geodetic monitoring. The suggested models can be used as the comparative and combined analysis of future forecast changes based on previous and current results of measurements, which is a topic for another research.



Keywords:
geodetic monitoring, retaining wall, wall sign

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