Pathway of the institutional development: practice of liberal transformation in Ukraine and Belarus

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Authors:

Yu.Pylypenko, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Prof., orcid.org/0000-0002-4772-1492, Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukrainе, e‑mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

H.Pylypenko, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Prof., orcid.org/0000-0003-2091-4320, Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukrainе, e‑mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

N.Lytvynenko, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Assoc. Prof., orcid.org/0000-0003-3797-8398, Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukrainе, e‑mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.Tryfonova, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Assoc. Prof., orcid.org/0000-0003-2283-6258, Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukrainе, e‑mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

E.Prushkivska, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Prof., orcid.org/0000-0002-4227-8305, Zaporizhzhya National Technical University, Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

Purpose. To identify specific features of the mechanism of institutional changes in the countries of post-socialist transformation and to determine the effect of informal norms upon the pathway of institutional development in Ukraine and Belarus.

Methodology. Theoretical and methodological basis of the research is represented by theoretical synthesis of non-institutional and traditional versions of the idea of institutional changes expressing the concepts of spontaneity and premeditation as for selecting the institutions depending upon economic, political, and sociocultural conditions of the national economy development. Quantitative evaluation of the effect of culture upon the pathway of institutional development in Ukraine and Belarus was performed basing upon the Values Survey Module 2008 methodology proposed by G. Hofstede. Comparison of the tendencies and results of liberal transformation in post-socialist countries was based on the logical and historical method.

Findings. It has been demonstrated that the pathway of institutional changes in any society is determined by spontaneous processes and means a conscious choice of the development course through the establishment of principally new institutions and/or their borrowing from other more progressive systems. Restricted nature of the dominating ideas concerning the completeness of institutional reforms at certain historical stage by means of establishing stable relations between the borrowed institutions and proper institutional environment has been shown. Analysis of the practice of liberal transformation in Ukraine and Belarus has been used to prove the possibility of achieving a high level of adaptation of a new institution to the available informal norms in the context of general inefficient pathway of the institutional development.

Originality. For the first time, qualitative evaluation of the internal constituents by means of value indicators by G. Hofstede has been applied to describe informal norms of the institutional environment in Ukraine and Belarus characterizing the Path Dependence effect. The obtained data have made it possible to define the degree of inconsistency between formal and informal institutions of transformational economy. Effect of blocking in the development of the Ukrainian economy has been identified; the effect is observed in the context of a repeated situation when balanced but inefficient norms are self-supported in the institutional environment of the country decelerating its development.

Practical value. Scientific ideas concerning the mechanism of institutional changes, proposed approaches to evaluate informal institutions, and determination of the level of their consistency with formal rules can be the basis for more efficient control of the process of institutional changes.

References.

1. Markowski, R. (2017). Transformation experiences in Central and Eastern Europe. Retrieved from http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/id-moe/13169.pdf.

2. Dabrowski, M. (n.d.). Are economic and political freedoms interrelated? Retrieved from https://publications.hse.ru/mirror/pubs/share/direct/228353785.

3. Uberti, L.J. (2018). Corruption in Transition Economies: Socialist, Ottoman or Structural? Economic Systems, 42(4), 533-555.

4. Berki, M. (2014). Return to the road of capitalism: Recapitulating the post-socialist urban transition. Hungarian Geographical Bulletin, 3(63), 319-334.

5. Jackson, M. (2017). Rebuilding Walls: Market Transition and Social Mobility in the Post-Socialist Societies of Europe. Sociological Science, 4, 54-79.

6. Veblen, T. (2016). Theory of the idle class. Moscow: Lenand.

7. Demographic Yearbook of the Republic of Belarus: statistical compilation (2014). Minsk: National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus.

8. Macroeconomic research. Economy of Ukraine, 1990-2016 (n.d.). Retrieved from http://be5.biz/makroekonomika/profile/ua.html.

9. Macroeconomic research. Economy of Belarus, 1990-2016 (n.d.). Retrieved from http://be5.biz/makroekonomika/profile/ua.html.

10. Pilipenko, H. M., & Litvinenko, N. I. (2015). Ukrainian Mentality in the Coordinates of the G. Hofstede Research Program. Ekonomichnyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 2, 14-22.

11. Pylypenko, H. (2017). Socio-cultural factors of economic development. Dnipro: NMU.

12. Ksenzova, V. E., Ksenzov, S. V., & Krizhanovskaya, E. V. (2015). Features of the Belarusian mentality. Ekonomichnyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 2, 22-31.

13. Hofstede, G., Minkov, M., & Vinken,H. Values Survey Module 2008 (VSM 08). Retrieved from http://www.geerthofstede.nl/research--vsm/vsm-08.aspx.

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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