Study of high pressure influence on durability of building materials made of industrial wastes

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S.M. Reva, Cand. Sci (Tech.), Associate Professor, State Higher Educational Institution “National Mining University”, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Construction and Geomechanics, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine

I.I. Usyk, Cand. Sci (Tech.), Associate Professor, State Higher Educational Institution “National Mining University”, Dean of the Faculty of Construction, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine

O.V. Mandrikevych, State Higher Educational Institution “National Mining University”, Postgraduate Student, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine

V.S. Reva, “Yuzhtransstroy” Trust, Engineer, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine


Over the last ten years, Ukraine has accumulated a considerable quantity of wastes from mining, metallurgical and chemical industries, which worsen the ecological situation in the country but they can be used to produce building materials such as bricks and building blocks.

Current technologies for manufacturing these products are energy-intensive. Therefore, the aim of this work is to study cold pressing of building materials with high specific loads. In this connection, the research was done in order to determine the main parameters needed for equipment design and blend composition for manufacturing building materials.

The studies were conducted mainly in two directions in walling building materials: strength and thermal conductivity. This is explained firstly by the fact that the material of a filler has low internal bonds, and secondly, by the presence of microcracks in the crushed material. It is determined influence of the following characteristics on strength formation: fraction of granule and the percentage of large and small granules.

The presence of microjointing in crushed material is an integral component to reduce heat conductivity.

Waste utilization to produce building materials reduces negative environmental load on regions with piles and tailings of primary production.

The studies carried out are the basis for the creation of the normative documentation for the equipment design and development of technological schemes of wallings production.


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Reva, S.M., Reva, V.S. and Usyk, I.I. (1998), “Mine waste is raw material base for building materials”, Naukovyi visnyk Natsionalnoi hirnychoi akademii Ukrainy, no.1, Dnepropetrovsk, pp. 84–86.

2. Рева С.М. Виготовлення стінових матеріалів нетрадиційним методом / С.М. Рева, І.І. Усик // Науковий вісник НГА України – Дніпропетровськ: РІК НГА України, 1999, №4. – С. 67–69.

Reva, S.M. and Usyk, I.I. (1999), “Production of wall materials by nonconventional method”, Naukovyi visnyk Natsionalnoi hirnychoi akademii Ukrainy, Dnepropetrovsk: RIK NHA Ukrainy, no.4, pp. 67–69.

Date 2013-02-18 Filesize 279.91 KB Download 877

Tags: building materialsproduction wasteenergy-saving technologies

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