Anthropogenic influence from point and diffuse sources of pollution in the Upper Prut River basin

User Rating:  / 0
PoorBest 

Authors:

M.Korchemlyuk, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), orcid.org/0000-0003-3417-2962,  Carpathian National Nature Park, Yaremche, Ivano-Frankivsk region, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

L.Arkhipova, Dr. Sc. (Tech.), Prof., orcid.org/0000-0002-8725-6943,  Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

R.L.Kravchynskyi, Cand. Sc. (Geogr.), orcid.org/0000-0003-3769-3106,  Carpathian National Nature Park, Yaremche, Ivano-Frankivsk region, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

J.D.Mykhailyuk, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), orcid.org/0000–0003–2448–3847,  Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

Purpose.To perform a quantitative and qualitative impact assessment from point and diffuse sources of anthropogenic pollution on the Prut River basin within Ukraine.

Methodology.Based on the developed statistical information and the use of the Guidance Paper on Impact Analysis and Risk Assessment in accordance with the EU Water Directive (EU project “Environmental protection of international river basins”), load calculations have been carried out on four factors influencing the Prut ecosystem, namely, volumes of discharges of untreated sewage, the total share of sewage in the river, from agriculture and livestock production.

Findings.The main anthropogenic loads on the Prut river basin within Ivano-Frankivsk and Chernivtsi regions of Ukraine from point and diffuse sources have been analyzed and calculated. In fact, it has been confirmed that diffuse sources are the main pollutants of the Prut ecosystem. Non-canalized area caused the emission of organic and nutrient compounds into the river basin. According to the calculation of the indicators of diffuse load, water massifs in Kitsman, Kolomyia and Snyatyn districts are “possibly at risk” from agriculture, and in Hertzayivsky district – from livestock. The largest point polluters in the Prut River are communal enterprises of the settlements in Kolomyia and Chernivtsi.

Originality.The methodology for estimating loads on the river basin has been further developed by calculating load indicators, which allows the development and implementation of effective methods and tools for controlling the ecological safety of aquatic ecosystems.

Practical value.The results obtained are the basis for adapting European approaches to integrated water resources management and developing measures to minimize the risks from human activities in the Prut basin. The work has been implemented at the national level in the process of drafting the Prut River Basin Management Plan in the framework of the international project “Environmental protection of international river basins” (EPIRB) and improvement of the water monitoring system in the Carpathian National Nature Park.

References.

1.Adamenko, Y. O., Arkhypova, L. M. and Mandryk, O. M., 2017. Territorial Normative of Quality of Hydroecosystems of Protected Territories. Hydrobiological Journal, 53(2), pp. 50‒58. DOI: 10.1615/HydrobJ.v53.i2.50.

2.Korchemlyuk, M. and Arkhypova, L., 2016. Environmental audit of Ukrainian basin ecosystem of the Prut river. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 5(155), pp. 98‒106.

3.Hryniuk, V. I. and Arkhypova, L. M., 2018. Regularity of effects of climatic changes on quality indicators of surface water of the Dniester basin. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 3(165), pp. 125‒133.DOI: 10.29202 /nvngu /2018-3 /17.

4.UNENGO “MAMA-86”, 2014. A Pressure-Impact Analysis/Risk Assessment according to EU WFD, Part 2. / UNENGO “MAMA-86”. Kyiv.

5.Vogel, B., 2014. Guidance Document addressing hydromorphology and physico-chemistry for a Pressure-Impact Analysis / Risk Assessment according to the EU WFD.

6.Technical Report: ICPDR Municipal Emission Inventory (2006/2007) [pdf]. Available at: <http://www.rowater.ro/TEST/Planul%20de%20Management%20al%20Districtului%20International%20al%20Dunarii%20%202009/Anexe/DRBMP_Annex_03_Technical_Report_ICPDR_Municipal_Emission_Inventory.pdf> [Accessed 15 November 2017].

7.Drona, V. S., ed., 2013. Statistical collection [“Environment of the Chernivtsi region in 2012”] [online]. Available at: <http://www.cv.ukrstat.gov.ua/publiy/eco/zb/ZB_13.pdf> [Accessed 5 December 2017].

8. Ecological passport of Ivano-Frankivsk region for 2015 [online]. Available at: <http://www.menr.gov.ua/protection/protection1/ivanofrankivska> [Accessed 12 November 2017].

9.Ministry of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine, 2012. National report on drinking water quality and drinking water supply in Ukraine in 2011. Kyiv: Ministry of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine.

10.Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, 2003. Livestock units and stocking rates [online]. Available at: <http://adlib.everysite.co.uk/adlib/defra/content.aspx?id=000IL3890W.198AWLDOHJ69F3> [Accessed 20 September 2017].

11.Mandryk, O. M., Arkhypova, L. M., Pukish, A. V., Zelmanovych, A. and Yakovlyuk, Kh., 2016. Theoretical and methodological foundations of sustainable development of Geosystems IOP Publishing. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. International Conference on Innovative Ideas in Science, (IIS2016) 10–11 November, Baia Mare, Romania. International databases Web of science, volume 200(2017) 012018 [online]. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/200/1/ 012018.

 повний текст / full article



Visitors

3256362
Today
This Month
All days
154
8996
3256362

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by field of science Ecology Anthropogenic influence from point and diffuse sources of pollution in the Upper Prut River basin