Evaluating the risks of occupational respiratory diseases of coal mine workers

User Rating:  / 0
PoorBest 

Authors:

S.I.Cheberiachko, Dr. Sc. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof., orcid.org/0000-0003-3281-7157, National Mining University, Dnipro, Ukraine,e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A.V.Yavorskyi, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof., orcid.org/0000-0003-4484-3723, National Mining University, Dnipro, Ukraine,e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.O.Yavorska, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof., orcid.org/0000-0001-5516-5310, National Mining University, Dnipro, Ukraine,e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

V.V.Tykhonenko, orcid.org/0000-0001-6919-557X, National Mining University, Dnipro, Ukraine,e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

Purpose. To determine the degree of occupational risks in terms of respiratory diseases (pneumoconioses) of miners while using dust respirators.

Methodology. The approach described in DSTU-P OHSAS 18001:2006 “Systems to control occupational safety and health. Requirements” has been used to assess occupational risks.

Findings. It has been determined that the area of safe use for filtering half-masks in the context of coal mines should be limited by 5 MAC. Calculation of the risk level while applying Risk score method has demonstrated that in terms of coal dust concentration being more than 20 mg/m3, dust respirators make it possible to provide only moderate degree of occupational disease risk. In this context, there is an excess in under-mask dust concentration in a respirator up to 18 %, in terms of 2 mg/m3 MAC. It is noted that if respirators are not worn or if they are taken off for more than five minutes during the operating shift in terms of constant dustiness, it results in the increase in under-mask dust concentration by almost three times.

Originality. Originality is in scientific substantiation of the safe dust concentration, when it is possible to provide minimum pneumonoconiosis risk while using a filtering respirator.

Practical value.Certain measures to reduce the level of pneumonoconiosis risk have been proposed. Increase in the protection efficiency for miners is possible owing to the intensification of the control of individual dust load which will be evaluated taking into consideration real time of respirator use and changes in dust concentration within the working zone. It is recommended to use of electronic monitoring means developed on the basis of pressure sensors, power units, control units, information process units, alarm blocks, and block for data record and storage.

Reference.

1. Vitrishchak, C. V., Savina, О. L., Klymenko, К. V., Haidash, I. А. and Kurchanova, V. S., 2012. Effect of working factors of coal mines upon the occupational health of miners. Ukrainian journal of clinical and laboratory medicine [online], 7(1), pp. 194‒198. Available at:<http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Ujkl_2012_7_1_42> [Accessed 14 July 2017].

2. Cheberiachko, S., Yavors’ka, O., Radchuk, D. and Yavorskyi, A., 2018. Respiratory protection provided by negative pressure half mask filtering respirators in coal mines, Solid State Phenomena, 277, pp. 232‒240. DOI:10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.277.232.

3. Kaptsov, V. А. and Chirkin, А. V., 2013. Prevention of occupational diseases while using gas respirators. Hygiene and sanitary, 3, pp. 42–45. DOI: 10.17686/sced_ rusnauka_2013–1109.

4. Kirillov, V. F., Buchnev, А. А. and Chirkin, А. V., 2013. On individual respiratory protective devices for workers (literature review). Occupatioanl medicine and industrial ecology, 4, pp. 25–31. DOI: 10.17686/sced_ rusnauka_2013–1033.

5. Bergman, M. S., Viscusi, D. J., Zhuang, Z. and Newcomb, W. E., 2013. Evaluation of Sampling Probes for Fit Testing N95 Filtering Facepiece Respirators. The Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 57(4), pp. 507–518. DOI: 10.1093/annhyg/mes091.

6. Holinko, V. І., Cheberiachko, S. І., Naumov, М. М. and Cheberiachko, Yu. І., 2014. Comparative studies of protective efficiency of filtering respirators under laboratory and industrial conditions. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 1, pp. 139–144.

7. Levishko, К. V. and Kvitkovskyi, Yu. V., 2015. Methodology to calculate levels of production risks in terms of the profession of stopper. Collection of scientific papers of Kharkiv University of Air Forces, 2(43), pp. 123–128.

8. DSTU-П OHSAS 18001:2006. Systems to control occupational safety and health. Requirements [online]. Available at: <http://metrology.com.ua/download/ iso-iec-ohsas-i-dr/61-iso/519-dstu-p-ohsas-18001-2006> [Accessed 23 September 2017].

9. Kirillov, V. F. and Chirkin, A. V., 2015. Preventive measures against occupational diseases of miners in terms of dust effect. Coal, 3, pp. 50‒52.

10. Andrushchenko, Т. А., Basanets, А. V., Illiash, М. H. and Lubianova, І. P., 2011. Modern ways to prevent diseases of blood circulation system (arterial hypertension and ischemic heart disease) of miners of Ukrainian coal mines. Journal of the Nаtional Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine [online], 17(4), pp. 381‒397. Available at: <http://opb.org.ua/id/eprint/74> [Accessed 11 July 2017].

 повний текст / full article



Visitors

3256368
Today
This Month
All days
160
9002
3256368

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

Contacts

D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by field of science Ecology Evaluating the risks of occupational respiratory diseases of coal mine workers