Fire damage of environment

User Rating:  / 0


E.M. Hulida, Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Professor, Lviv State University of Life Safety, Head of the department of Fire Tactics and Rescue Work Lviv, Ukraine

A.A. Renkas, Lviv State University of Life Safety, postgraduate, Lviv, Ukraine


Purpose. To determine the amount of pollution of the environment by fires and their impact on ecological safety, and to develop the methods of reduction of polluting emissions by reducing the time of free development of fire due to selection of the optimal route for fire-rescue units to the incident site.

Methodology. Analytical mass transfer model was developed for determination of emission of toxic substances into the atmosphere during an indoor fire. Main parameters were simulated: the number of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrochloric, hydrocyanic acid, acrolein and nitrogen oxides entering the atmosphere during a fire. The optimization model was developed to select the route of the fire-rescue units to the fire location.

Findings. Based on the integrated model of fire we have solved analytically the differential equation of material balance of toxic combustion products in an indoor fire. The results of calculation of emission using the mathematical model showed that as a result of fire in residential and administrative buildings a significant amount of toxic substances goes to the atmosphere. And the maximum surface concentration of some substances (hydrochloric acid) exceeds the short-term exposure limit. To reduce emissions we have developed a simulation model for selection of optimal route to the fire, which reduces the free development of fire and toxic emissions into the atmosphere.

Originality. The analytical model allows us to assess the emissions of toxic substances into the atmosphere during an indoor fire adequately and optimize the model to reduce the emissions.

Practical value. It was developed an algorithm and software for selecting optimal route for fire-rescue units the fire location based on the optimization model (on the example of the State Fire-Rescue Station Number 1 Galician Regional Department of the State Service of Ukraine for Emergency Situations of Lvov).


1. Рыжов А.М. Дифференциальный (полевой, CFD) метод моделирования пожаров / А.М. Рыжов; под. общ. ред. Н.Н. Брушлинского и А.Я. Корольченко // Моделирование пожаров и взрывов. – М.: Ассоциация „Пожнаука“, 2000. – С. 25–88.

Ryzhov, A.M. (2000), “Differential (field, CFD) firemodeling method”, Modeling of fires and explosions, Association “Pozhnauka”, Moscow, pp. 25–88.

2. Сох,G. (1995), Combustion Fundamentals of Fire, Academic Press, London, GB.

3. Кошмаров Ю.А. Прогнозирование опасных факторов пожара в помещении / Кошмаров Ю.А. – М.: Академия ГПС МВД России, 2000. – 118 с.

Koshmaro, Yu.A. (2000), Prognozirovaniye opasnykh faktorov pozhara v pomeshchenii [Prediction of Indoor Fire Hazards], Academia HPS MVD Rossii, Moscow, Russia.

4. Ніколенко М.О. Зменшення забруднення навколишнього середовища породними відвалами / М.О. Ніколенко, Є.О. Воробйов, К.О. Нетребіна // Вісті Автомобільно-дорожнього інституту. – 2006. – № 2(3) – С. 528–538.

Nikolenko, M.O., Vorobiov, Ye.O., Netrebina, K.O. (2006), “Reducing pollution caused by waste dumps”, Visti Avtomobilno-dorozhnohoi nstytutu, Gorlivka, no.2(3), pp.528–538.

5. Бесценный И.В. Исследование особенностей горения коксов смесей углей различной степени метаморфизма: материалы VIII Всероссийской конференции с международным участием „Горение твердого топлива“ / И.В. Бесценный, Н.И. Дунаевская, А.И. Топал // Институт теплофизики им. С.С. Кутателадзе СОРАН. – 2012 г. – С. 181–187.

Bestsenyi, I.V., Dunaievckaia, N.I., Topal, A.Y. (2012), “Investigation of the features of burning coke coal mixtures of varying degrees of metamorphism”, VIII Russian Conference with International Participation “Burning Solid Fuels”, Institut teplofiziki imeni S.S. Kutateladze SO RAN, pp. 181–187.

6EN 1992-1-2:2004 Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures, Part 1-2: Generalrules, Structural firedesign.

7. Войтович Д.П. Підвищення ефективності функціонування пожежно-рятувальних підрозділів у процесі ліквідації пожеж у містах: автореф. дис. на здоб. наук. ступ. канд. техн. наук / Войтович Д.П. – Львів, 2011. – 20 с.

Voitovych, D.P. (2011), “Improving the efficiency of fire-rescue units during fire suppression in cities”, Abstract of the Cand. Sci. (Tech.) dissertation, Lviv, Ukraine

Date 2014-11-10 Filesize 585.54 KB Download 518


This Month
All days

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.


D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by field of science Ecology Fire damage of environment